Federal Relief Programs and Policies

October 26, 1934

Report Outline
Federal Government and Winter Relief, 1934–35
Federal Relief Through the Winter of 1933–34
Federal Relief Operations Since March, 1934
The Continuing Problem of Unemployment Relief
Special Focus

Federal Government and Winter Relief, 1934–35

Recent statements by President Roosevelt and his advisers indicate that a new federal relief-employment program is in process of formation. For the emergency employment supplied last winter by the Civil Works Administration, wholly out of federal funds, the new program will seek, so far as possible, to substitute semi-permanent or permanent employment on self-supporting or self-liquidating projects, financed in part out of private funds. The program, as outlined by the President and later by Relief Administrator Hopkins and Public Works Administrator Ickes, will include the establishment of rural industrial communities and subsistence homesteads, slum clearance and general housing projects, and a large variety of other undertakings such as grade-crossing elimination and works for the conservation of natural resources.

Expenditures under existing programs of the administration for the relief of unemployment had totaled $3,606,000,000, or about $29.35 per capita, up to October 15, 1934. Of this sum about $2,515,000,000, or 70 per cent, had been expended for relief in various forms, and $1,091,000,000 for public works, including housing and subsistence homesteads. The existing public works program has been a disappointment to date. At the present time it is affording employment to only about 600,000 workers.

Administration spokesmen have estimated that a total of $5,000,000,000 to $7,000,000,000 may be expended under the federal government's relief-employment program during the next twelve months. It is hoped that some $2,000,000,000 of the total will be supplied by private loans, guaranteed in part by the government, under the new National Housing Act. The self-sustaining and self-liquidating features of other parts of the program are expected ultimately to reduce the net expenditures of the government for unemployment relief and thus to contribute to an eventual balancing of the federal budget.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
New Deal, Great Depression, and Economic Recovery
Feb. 20, 2009  Public-Works Projects
Jul. 25, 1986  New Deal for the Family
Apr. 04, 1973  Future of Social Programs
Nov. 18, 1944  Postwar Public Works
Apr. 12, 1941  Public Works in the Post-Emergency Period
Mar. 08, 1940  Integration of Utility Systems
Feb. 26, 1938  The Permanent Problem of Relief
Jun. 08, 1937  Experiments in Price Control
Jan. 05, 1937  Credit Policy and Control of Recovery
Nov. 27, 1936  New Deal Aims and the Constitution
Oct. 16, 1936  Father Coughlin vs. the Federal Reserve System
Sep. 25, 1936  Roosevelt Policies in Practice
Feb. 11, 1936  Conditional Grants to the States
Dec. 11, 1935  Capital Goods Industries and Recovery
Sep. 25, 1935  Unemployment Relief Under Roosevelt
Jul. 17, 1935  The R.F.C. Under Hoover and Roosevelt
Jul. 03, 1935  Six Months of the Second New Deal Congress
Jun. 04, 1935  The Supreme Court and the New Deal
Mar. 05, 1935  Public Works and Work Relief
Feb. 16, 1935  Organized Labor and the New Deal
Dec. 04, 1934  Rural Electrification and Power Rates
Oct. 26, 1934  Federal Relief Programs and Policies
Jul. 25, 1934  Distribution of Federal Emergency Expenditures
Jul. 17, 1934  Debt, Credit, and Recovery
May 25, 1934  The New Deal in the Courts
Mar. 27, 1934  Construction and Economic Recovery
Mar. 19, 1934  Price Controls Under N.R.A.
Feb. 15, 1934  Federal Promotion of State Unemployment Insurance
Jan. 10, 1934  Government and Business After the Depression
Jan. 02, 1934  The Adjustment of Municipal Debts
Dec. 12, 1933  The Machine and the Recovery Program
Dec. 05, 1933  Winter Relief, 1933–1934
Nov. 11, 1933  Power Policies of the Roosevelt Administration
Oct. 28, 1933  Buying Power under the Recovery Program
Oct. 19, 1933  Land Settlement for the Unemployed
Sep. 20, 1933  The Capital Market and the Securities Act
Jul. 18, 1933  Public Works and National Recovery
Jul. 01, 1933  The Plan for National Industrial Control
May 03, 1933  Economic Readjustments Essential to Prosperity
Apr. 26, 1933  Government Subsidies to Private Industry
Mar. 25, 1933  Rehabilitation of the Unemployed
Feb. 17, 1933  Federal Cooperation in Unemployment Relief
Nov. 16, 1932  Systems of Unemployment Compensation
Nov. 09, 1932  Policies of the New Administration
Aug. 18, 1932  Emergency Relief Construction and Self-Liquidating Projects
Dec. 28, 1931  Relief of Unemployment
Aug. 01, 1931  National Economic Planning
Jul. 20, 1931  Dividends and Wages in Periods of Depression
Feb. 19, 1931  Insurance Against Unemployment
Jan. 19, 1931  Business Failures and Bankruptcy Administration
Jan. 01, 1931  Federal Subsidies to the States
Dec. 08, 1930  Federal Relief of Economic Distress
Sep. 25, 1930  The Extent of Unemployment
May 16, 1930  Politics and Depressions
Dec. 20, 1929  The Federal Public Works Program
Jun. 08, 1929  The Federal Reserve System and Stock Speculation
Apr. 14, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Price Stabilization
Feb. 25, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Brokers' Loans
Economic Crises
Unemployment and Employment Programs