The Plan for National Industrial Control

July 1, 1933

Report Outline
Hearings on Cotton Textile Code of Fair Compettion
Evolution of National Industrial Recovery Act
Industrial Control Provisions of the New Law
Industrial Recovery Act and the Antitrust Laws
Industrial Control and National Economic Planning

Hearings on Cotton Textile Code of Fair Compettion

Closing of public hearings at Washington, June 30, on a proposed code of fair competition for the cotton textile industry foreshadowed early application of the Roosevelt administration's industrial control program. Hearings on codes submitted by other major industries are scheduled to follow in short order—in an effort to fulfill the President's hope, expressed when he signed the National Industrial Recovery Act on June 16, that “the country can look forward to the month of July as the beginning of our great national movement back to work.” General Hugh S. Johnson, Recovery Administrator, has asserted that 3,000,000 or 4,000,000 men can be reemployed within 90 days “if everyone cooperates.”

Testimony offered at the cotton textile hearings disclosed organized labor's intention to demand inclusion in all codes of provisions for a six-hour day and 30-hour week, with higher minimum wages than those so far proposed by industry, and a disposition on the part of the Recovery Administration to use the codes as a means of ending labor of all children under 16 years of age. The hearings also revealed differences between capital and labor over wage and hour standards and differences among manufacturers over the same questions and over the number of hours a week they should be permitted to operate their machines. In spite of these differences, upon which the Recovery Administration will have the final word, the hearings were marked by a notable desire to cooperate to the utmost for the purpose of reaching a prompt and mutually acceptable settlement, of all matters at issue.

Labor Issues Raised by Proposed Cotton Textile Code

The code submitted by the cotton textile industry proposed a 40-hour week, with minimum pay of $10 a week in the South and $11 a week in the North. William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor, declared that a 40-hour week would not produce a sufficient volume of additional employment. He pleaded for a 30-hour week and insisted that the maximum in the cotton textile industry should not be over 32 hours and that the minimum wage should be between $14 and $16 a week. He estimated that a 30-hour week in cotton manufacturing would result in reemployment of 210,500 workers while a 40-hour week would put only 69,700 employees back to work. In a radio speech on June 25 General Johnson had suggested that a 32-hour week, with minimum pay of 45 cents an hour or $14.40 a week, would be a fair standard for industry under the recovery program.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
New Deal, Great Depression, and Economic Recovery
Feb. 20, 2009  Public-Works Projects
Jul. 25, 1986  New Deal for the Family
Apr. 04, 1973  Future of Social Programs
Nov. 18, 1944  Postwar Public Works
Apr. 12, 1941  Public Works in the Post-Emergency Period
Mar. 08, 1940  Integration of Utility Systems
Feb. 26, 1938  The Permanent Problem of Relief
Jun. 08, 1937  Experiments in Price Control
Jan. 05, 1937  Credit Policy and Control of Recovery
Nov. 27, 1936  New Deal Aims and the Constitution
Oct. 16, 1936  Father Coughlin vs. the Federal Reserve System
Sep. 25, 1936  Roosevelt Policies in Practice
Feb. 11, 1936  Conditional Grants to the States
Dec. 11, 1935  Capital Goods Industries and Recovery
Sep. 25, 1935  Unemployment Relief Under Roosevelt
Jul. 17, 1935  The R.F.C. Under Hoover and Roosevelt
Jul. 03, 1935  Six Months of the Second New Deal Congress
Jun. 04, 1935  The Supreme Court and the New Deal
Mar. 05, 1935  Public Works and Work Relief
Feb. 16, 1935  Organized Labor and the New Deal
Dec. 04, 1934  Rural Electrification and Power Rates
Oct. 26, 1934  Federal Relief Programs and Policies
Jul. 25, 1934  Distribution of Federal Emergency Expenditures
Jul. 17, 1934  Debt, Credit, and Recovery
May 25, 1934  The New Deal in the Courts
Mar. 27, 1934  Construction and Economic Recovery
Mar. 19, 1934  Price Controls Under N.R.A.
Feb. 15, 1934  Federal Promotion of State Unemployment Insurance
Jan. 10, 1934  Government and Business After the Depression
Jan. 02, 1934  The Adjustment of Municipal Debts
Dec. 12, 1933  The Machine and the Recovery Program
Dec. 05, 1933  Winter Relief, 1933–1934
Nov. 11, 1933  Power Policies of the Roosevelt Administration
Oct. 28, 1933  Buying Power under the Recovery Program
Oct. 19, 1933  Land Settlement for the Unemployed
Sep. 20, 1933  The Capital Market and the Securities Act
Jul. 18, 1933  Public Works and National Recovery
Jul. 01, 1933  The Plan for National Industrial Control
May 03, 1933  Economic Readjustments Essential to Prosperity
Apr. 26, 1933  Government Subsidies to Private Industry
Mar. 25, 1933  Rehabilitation of the Unemployed
Feb. 17, 1933  Federal Cooperation in Unemployment Relief
Nov. 16, 1932  Systems of Unemployment Compensation
Nov. 09, 1932  Policies of the New Administration
Aug. 18, 1932  Emergency Relief Construction and Self-Liquidating Projects
Dec. 28, 1931  Relief of Unemployment
Aug. 01, 1931  National Economic Planning
Jul. 20, 1931  Dividends and Wages in Periods of Depression
Feb. 19, 1931  Insurance Against Unemployment
Jan. 19, 1931  Business Failures and Bankruptcy Administration
Jan. 01, 1931  Federal Subsidies to the States
Dec. 08, 1930  Federal Relief of Economic Distress
Sep. 25, 1930  The Extent of Unemployment
May 16, 1930  Politics and Depressions
Dec. 20, 1929  The Federal Public Works Program
Jun. 08, 1929  The Federal Reserve System and Stock Speculation
Apr. 14, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Price Stabilization
Feb. 25, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Brokers' Loans
Economic Crises
Economic Development
Manufacturing and Industrial Production