Abolition of Aggressive Weapons

May 5, 1932

Report Outline
The Kellogg Pact and Renunciation of Aggressive Weapons
Proposals of Major Powers for Abolition of Aggressive Weapons
Efforts to Abolish Battleships and Submarines
Abolition of Poison Gas and Other Aggressive Weapons
Economies from Abolition of Aggressive Weapons
Special Focus

The Kellogg Pact and Renunciation of Aggressive Weapons

Proposals for the total abolition of various kinds of so-called aggressive weapons were contained in many of the initial suggestions advanced by the nations at the opening of the World Disarmament Conference last February. Although there is little chance that the more far-reaching of these proposals will be adopted, they have furnished one main avenue of attack upon the whole disarmament question. Renunciation of aggressive weapons by international agreement has been urged as a logical sequence to the world's acceptance of the Kellogg pact outlawing war as an instrument of national policy. In his first speech to the conference, February 9, 1932, Ambassador Gibson, acting head of the American delegation, said:

Since practically all the nations of the world have now pledged themselves not to wage aggressive war, we believe this conference should and can successfully devote itself to the abolition of weapons which are devoted primarily to aggressive war, and we arp prepared to give earnest and sympathetic consideration to any plans or proposals which seem to furnish a practicable and sound basis upon which we may effect a general limitation and reduction of armament and establish a more healthy and peaceful state of affairs.

It has been evident from the beginning of the conference that realization of a policy of renunciation of aggressive weapons would be beset with practical difficulties. Just as it has been found impossible to discover a universally satisfactory method of defining an aggressor in war, so is it difficult to find a satisfactory definition of aggression as applied to instruments of warfare. Almost every weapon considered primarily aggressive by one or more powers is deemed primarily defensive by other powers. The technical committees of the conference are now working on the problem of determining “those weapons whose character is the most specifically offensive or those most efficacious against national defense or those most threatening to civilians.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Jul. 29, 2016  Modernizing the Nuclear Arsenal
Mar. 08, 2002  Weapons of Mass Destruction
Jan. 31, 1997  Chemical and Biological Weapons
Jun. 24, 1994  Nuclear Arms Cleanup
Jun. 05, 1992  Nuclear Proliferation
Jun. 29, 1990  Obstacles to Bio-Chemical Disarmament
Apr. 22, 1988  The Military Build-Down in the 1990s
May 24, 1987  Euromissile Negotiations
Jul. 11, 1986  Chemical Weapons
Apr. 27, 1984  Reagan's Defense Buildup
Jun. 04, 1982  Civil Defense
Jul. 17, 1981  Controlling Nuclear Proliferation
Jun. 05, 1981  MX Missile Decision
Aug. 15, 1980  The Neutron Bomb and European Defense
Sep. 07, 1979  Atomic Secrecy
Mar. 17, 1978  Nuclear Proliferation
May 27, 1977  Chemical-Biological Warfare
May 13, 1977  Politics of Strategic Arms Negotiations
Nov. 15, 1974  Nuclear Safeguards
Jul. 01, 1970  Nuclear Balance of Terror: 25 Years After Alamogordo
Jun. 18, 1969  Chemical–Biological Weaponry
Jun. 30, 1965  Atomic Proliferation
Mar. 21, 1962  Nuclear Testing Dilemmas
Aug. 16, 1961  Shelters and Survival
Oct. 12, 1959  Chemical-Biological Warfare
May 13, 1959  Nuclear Test Ban
Dec. 04, 1957  Scientific Cooperation and Atlantic Security
May 15, 1957  Changing Defense Concepts
Jul. 03, 1956  Civil Defense, 1956
Nov. 16, 1955  International Arms Deals
Oct. 04, 1954  Industrial Defense
Apr. 15, 1954  National Defense Strategy
Feb. 10, 1954  New Aproaches to Atomic Control
Oct. 10, 1953  Atomic Information
Apr. 11, 1952  Biological Warfare
Oct. 03, 1951  World Arms Race
Feb. 04, 1948  International Control of Atomic Energy
Dec. 06, 1946  International Inspection
Aug. 27, 1943  Gas Warfare
Jul. 24, 1937  The New Race in Armaments
May 05, 1932  Abolition of Aggressive Weapons
Arms Control and Disarmament