Federal Relief of Economic Distress

December 8, 1930

Report Outline
Proposals for Relief of Current Distress
Development of Federal Relief Policies
Federal Outlays for Provision of Seed
Relief of Unemployment by Federal Government
Special Focus

Proposals for Relief of Current Distress

Further consideration of the respective functions of the federal and state governments with regard to the relief and prevention of economic distress will necessarily be involved when Congress proceeds to consider the unemployment and drought relief measures suggested by President Hoover in his annual message, and the additional proposals advanced by members of Congress and by private agencies. The more immediate relief measures recommended by the President call for an expansion of federal employment, and for the extension of new seed and feed loans to fanners in drought-stricken areas.

Additional proposals which have been suggested in recent weeks would go far beyond the presidential recommendations. Citing a Canadian appropriation of $4,000,000 for direct unemployment relief, Labor, weekly newspaper of the railroad workers' brotherhoods, has urged that the federal government allocate at least $50,000,000 for direct relief in the United States. An appropriation to this end was endorsed on November 11, 1930, by Senators Wagner (D., N. Y.) and McNary (R., Ore.), Senator Wagner proposed that federal funds be used to supplement state relief, “since it is a state problem, though the federal government must do its share,” while Senator McNary said that he looked with approval “on the plan to appropriate adequate funds to be administered by the Red Cross or some similar organization for relief of the hungry and those in distress in America.”

Proposals for Emergency Relief of Agriculture

Senator Capper (R., Kans.) stated on November 21 that he would “like to see 50,000,000 bushels of the wheat the Farm Board has purchased fed to the jobless and unemployed.” The wheat, he said, “could be ground into flour without much expense,” and this would also “be the most practical way of getting this wheat off the market and away from the visible supply.” “We have shipped a lot of corn to Russia and food to other parts of the world in the past when there was suffering,” Senator Capper said, and “I don't see any objection to taking care of our own people.” He added that while he doubted the necessity of a further direct appropriation, “If it is found necessary, I will favor it.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
New Deal, Great Depression, and Economic Recovery
Feb. 20, 2009  Public-Works Projects
Jul. 25, 1986  New Deal for the Family
Apr. 04, 1973  Future of Social Programs
Nov. 18, 1944  Postwar Public Works
Apr. 12, 1941  Public Works in the Post-Emergency Period
Mar. 08, 1940  Integration of Utility Systems
Feb. 26, 1938  The Permanent Problem of Relief
Jun. 08, 1937  Experiments in Price Control
Jan. 05, 1937  Credit Policy and Control of Recovery
Nov. 27, 1936  New Deal Aims and the Constitution
Oct. 16, 1936  Father Coughlin vs. the Federal Reserve System
Sep. 25, 1936  Roosevelt Policies in Practice
Feb. 11, 1936  Conditional Grants to the States
Dec. 11, 1935  Capital Goods Industries and Recovery
Sep. 25, 1935  Unemployment Relief Under Roosevelt
Jul. 17, 1935  The R.F.C. Under Hoover and Roosevelt
Jul. 03, 1935  Six Months of the Second New Deal Congress
Jun. 04, 1935  The Supreme Court and the New Deal
Mar. 05, 1935  Public Works and Work Relief
Feb. 16, 1935  Organized Labor and the New Deal
Dec. 04, 1934  Rural Electrification and Power Rates
Oct. 26, 1934  Federal Relief Programs and Policies
Jul. 25, 1934  Distribution of Federal Emergency Expenditures
Jul. 17, 1934  Debt, Credit, and Recovery
May 25, 1934  The New Deal in the Courts
Mar. 27, 1934  Construction and Economic Recovery
Mar. 19, 1934  Price Controls Under N.R.A.
Feb. 15, 1934  Federal Promotion of State Unemployment Insurance
Jan. 10, 1934  Government and Business After the Depression
Jan. 02, 1934  The Adjustment of Municipal Debts
Dec. 12, 1933  The Machine and the Recovery Program
Dec. 05, 1933  Winter Relief, 1933–1934
Nov. 11, 1933  Power Policies of the Roosevelt Administration
Oct. 28, 1933  Buying Power under the Recovery Program
Oct. 19, 1933  Land Settlement for the Unemployed
Sep. 20, 1933  The Capital Market and the Securities Act
Jul. 18, 1933  Public Works and National Recovery
Jul. 01, 1933  The Plan for National Industrial Control
May 03, 1933  Economic Readjustments Essential to Prosperity
Apr. 26, 1933  Government Subsidies to Private Industry
Mar. 25, 1933  Rehabilitation of the Unemployed
Feb. 17, 1933  Federal Cooperation in Unemployment Relief
Nov. 16, 1932  Systems of Unemployment Compensation
Nov. 09, 1932  Policies of the New Administration
Aug. 18, 1932  Emergency Relief Construction and Self-Liquidating Projects
Dec. 28, 1931  Relief of Unemployment
Aug. 01, 1931  National Economic Planning
Jul. 20, 1931  Dividends and Wages in Periods of Depression
Feb. 19, 1931  Insurance Against Unemployment
Jan. 19, 1931  Business Failures and Bankruptcy Administration
Jan. 01, 1931  Federal Subsidies to the States
Dec. 08, 1930  Federal Relief of Economic Distress
Sep. 25, 1930  The Extent of Unemployment
May 16, 1930  Politics and Depressions
Dec. 20, 1929  The Federal Public Works Program
Jun. 08, 1929  The Federal Reserve System and Stock Speculation
Apr. 14, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Price Stabilization
Feb. 25, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Brokers' Loans
Economic Crises