Politics and Depressions

May 16, 1930

Report Outline
Congressional Elections of 1930
Politics and Business Conditions
Mid-Term Congressional Elections Since 1874
Special Focus

Congressional Elections of 1930

Next autumn four hundred and thirty-five men and women—the entire membership of the House of Representatives—and thirty-five members of the Senate of the next Congress will be chosen by the American electorate. To date primary elections for the nomination of candidates for the House have been held in Indiana, and for the House and Senate in Illinois and South Dakota. The Illinois senatorial primary resulted, on the Republican side, in an overwhelming victory for Mrs. Ruth Hanna McCormick, now a member of the lower body, over Senator Deneen, who stood as a candidate for renomination. On the Democratic side the nomination went to former Senator James Hamilton Lewis. If Mrs. McCormick wins over Lewis in November, she will be the first woman elected to the United States Senate. In South Dakota, where loyalty to the policies of the national administration was made a leading issue in the primary, Senator McMaster, progressive, was renominated by the Republican voters. His success has been taken by the Republican insurgent group in the Senate as a vindication of the course they have pursued during the present Congress.

The next senatorial primaries will be held in Oregon on May 16 and in Pennsylvania on May 20. In Pennsylvania the candidates for the Republican nomination are Senator Grundy who was appointed by Governor Fisher last December after the Senate had refused a seat to William S. Vare, and Secretary of Labor Davis. Grundy has the support of Secretary of the Treasury Mellon, who is a political power in western Pennsylvania, while Davis is backed by the strong Vare organization of Philadelphia. Other spirited primary contests are in prospect in Massachusetts, New Jersey, North Carolina, Alabama, and Ohio.

Issues of the 1930 Campaign

The entire campaign this year, from the primaries to the general election, promises to be hotly contested, for the final outcome will determine whether the Republicans or the Democrats will control Congress during the last two years of the Hoover administration. Furthermore, the issues that are up and on which candidates must take their stand are of unusual popular interest. The main issues upon which the voters will pass this year are: (1) Prohibition, which has been kept to the fore by the Literary Digest poll, public hearings before committees of Congress, and spirited debates in the House and Senate; (2) the question of political responsibility for prevailing unemployment and business depression; (3) the tariff, over which the industrial East and the agricultural West are sharply divided; and (4) the question of American acceptance of membership in the World Court under the Root formula.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
New Deal, Great Depression, and Economic Recovery
Feb. 20, 2009  Public-Works Projects
Jul. 25, 1986  New Deal for the Family
Apr. 04, 1973  Future of Social Programs
Nov. 18, 1944  Postwar Public Works
Apr. 12, 1941  Public Works in the Post-Emergency Period
Mar. 08, 1940  Integration of Utility Systems
Feb. 26, 1938  The Permanent Problem of Relief
Jun. 08, 1937  Experiments in Price Control
Jan. 05, 1937  Credit Policy and Control of Recovery
Nov. 27, 1936  New Deal Aims and the Constitution
Oct. 16, 1936  Father Coughlin vs. the Federal Reserve System
Sep. 25, 1936  Roosevelt Policies in Practice
Feb. 11, 1936  Conditional Grants to the States
Dec. 11, 1935  Capital Goods Industries and Recovery
Sep. 25, 1935  Unemployment Relief Under Roosevelt
Jul. 17, 1935  The R.F.C. Under Hoover and Roosevelt
Jul. 03, 1935  Six Months of the Second New Deal Congress
Jun. 04, 1935  The Supreme Court and the New Deal
Mar. 05, 1935  Public Works and Work Relief
Feb. 16, 1935  Organized Labor and the New Deal
Dec. 04, 1934  Rural Electrification and Power Rates
Oct. 26, 1934  Federal Relief Programs and Policies
Jul. 25, 1934  Distribution of Federal Emergency Expenditures
Jul. 17, 1934  Debt, Credit, and Recovery
May 25, 1934  The New Deal in the Courts
Mar. 27, 1934  Construction and Economic Recovery
Mar. 19, 1934  Price Controls Under N.R.A.
Feb. 15, 1934  Federal Promotion of State Unemployment Insurance
Jan. 10, 1934  Government and Business After the Depression
Jan. 02, 1934  The Adjustment of Municipal Debts
Dec. 12, 1933  The Machine and the Recovery Program
Dec. 05, 1933  Winter Relief, 1933–1934
Nov. 11, 1933  Power Policies of the Roosevelt Administration
Oct. 28, 1933  Buying Power under the Recovery Program
Oct. 19, 1933  Land Settlement for the Unemployed
Sep. 20, 1933  The Capital Market and the Securities Act
Jul. 18, 1933  Public Works and National Recovery
Jul. 01, 1933  The Plan for National Industrial Control
May 03, 1933  Economic Readjustments Essential to Prosperity
Apr. 26, 1933  Government Subsidies to Private Industry
Mar. 25, 1933  Rehabilitation of the Unemployed
Feb. 17, 1933  Federal Cooperation in Unemployment Relief
Nov. 16, 1932  Systems of Unemployment Compensation
Nov. 09, 1932  Policies of the New Administration
Aug. 18, 1932  Emergency Relief Construction and Self-Liquidating Projects
Dec. 28, 1931  Relief of Unemployment
Aug. 01, 1931  National Economic Planning
Jul. 20, 1931  Dividends and Wages in Periods of Depression
Feb. 19, 1931  Insurance Against Unemployment
Jan. 19, 1931  Business Failures and Bankruptcy Administration
Jan. 01, 1931  Federal Subsidies to the States
Dec. 08, 1930  Federal Relief of Economic Distress
Sep. 25, 1930  The Extent of Unemployment
May 16, 1930  Politics and Depressions
Dec. 20, 1929  The Federal Public Works Program
Jun. 08, 1929  The Federal Reserve System and Stock Speculation
Apr. 14, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Price Stabilization
Feb. 25, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Brokers' Loans
Campaigns and Elections
Campaigns and Elections
Economic Crises