The Briand-Kellogg Correspondence

April 27, 1928

Report Outline
Evolution of the Outlawry of War Project
War Prevention Policy of the United States

The movement for the outlawry of war which has developed through the correspondence between Aristide Briand, the French foreign secretary, and Secretary of State Kellogg had its origin in the proposal addressed by M. Briand to the people of the United States through the press on April 6, 1927. This date was chosen by M. Briand because it marked the tenth anniversary of America's entry into the World War. The original Briand proposal was entirely unofficial in nature and nothing official was done about it until June 30, 1927, when M. Briand handed to Ambassador Herrick at Paris a draft treaty for the outlawry of war between France and the United States. This treaty provided that France and the United States should condemn recourse to war and renounce it entirely as between themselves. The settlement of all disputes of whatever nature was to be sought only through pacific means.

Although the text of the Briand treaty was not published until 1928, its general principles were known and provoked much comment and discussion in both France and the United States. Various draft treaties were drawn up by institutions and individuals in this country and resolutions were introduced in Congress in favor of the outlawry of war by one method or another. It was not until December 27, 1927, however, that Secretary Kellogg took any official action. On that date he wrote to M. Briand the first of the notes which have outlined the attitude of the United States toward the outlawry of war and which in turn have elicited from M. Briand a clear definition of the position of France.

French Position on Multilateral Treaty

From the beginning it was evident that serious obstacles would be encountered. First and foremost. Secretary Kellogg insisted that such a treaty should not be confined to France and the United States but should be extended to include the other great powers. M. Briand held that such a complete renunciation could be' made between the two countries only because of their long and traditional friendship. M. Briand conceded the desirability of a multilateral rather than a bilateral treaty but believed that this must be drawn up in a modified form with three important reservations.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Mar. 03, 1978  French Parliamentary Elections
Feb. 14, 1973  French Elections, 1973
Apr. 10, 1968  French-American Relations
Nov. 24, 1965  Election of De Gaulle: Past and Future Policies
Nov. 20, 1963  French Policy Under De Gaulle
Feb. 20, 1963  France and the Alliance
Nov. 07, 1962  French Governmental Crisis
Mar. 10, 1960  Status of France
Sep. 15, 1955  Future of France in North Africa
Dec. 16, 1953  French Political Instability
Nov. 15, 1952  France and Germany in West European Defense
Jan. 29, 1947  Empire of France
Sep. 01, 1945  France in Transition
Aug. 08, 1944  Relations with France
Mar. 21, 1942  Relations with France
Apr. 10, 1934  Constitutional Reform in France
Jun. 30, 1929  The French Debt and the Young Plan
Apr. 27, 1928  The Briand-Kellogg Correspondence
Mar. 30, 1928  French National Elections - 1928
Aug. 24, 1926  French Currency and Exchange
Jun. 30, 1925  The Moroccan Problem
Jun. 17, 1925  The French Debt to the United States
Apr. 11, 1925  The French Financial Problem
May 07, 1924  The French National Elections
Sep. 21, 1923  French Reparation Policy in the Light of the Dariac Report
International Law and Agreements