Congress and the Farm Problem

May 3, 1926

Report Outline
Basis of the Post-War Farm Problem
Efforts to Improve the Farm Situation
Evolution of the Mcnary-Haugen Plan
The Administration's Attitude and Policy
The Present Legislative Situation
The Future of American Agriculture

The farm surplus-relief bills now pending before Congress attempt to deal with one phase of the larger farm problem, which in its various aspects, has commanded almost continuous public attention since 1920.

Before taking up the pending legislation, the following report will attempt to set out some of the basic factors underlying the general farm problem, as distinguished from the surplus problem, and to indicate the attitude held toward the general problem by leaders of the organized farmers. An understanding of this attitude, and the reasons for it, is essential to a full understanding of the situation which now confronts the House, the Senate and the administration.

The farm problem, as it is viewed by farm leaders, is “simply a question of national policy”. Due to a series of changes in farm conditions and the farmer's relation to the rest of the community, fanning has been an unsatisfactory occupation since the deflation of 1922–21, and several million of the rural population have left their farms and moved to the cities. Prosperity could quickly be restored to the farms, it is argued, if industry and labor were willing to give up some of the special advantages flowing from tariff protection, immigration restriction, price and wage agreements, or were willing to grant equivalent advantages to agriculture.1

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Farm Loans and Subsidies
May 17, 2002  Farm Subsidies
Apr. 11, 1986  Farm Finance
Sep. 03, 1941  Government Payments to Farmers
May 27, 1940  Government Farm Loans
Dec. 12, 1936  Government Aid to Farm Tenants
Mar. 20, 1935  Farm Tenancy in the United States
Dec. 08, 1932  Plans for Crop Surplus Control and Farm Mortgage Relief
Jul. 25, 1932  The Burden of Farm Mortgage Debt
Mar. 20, 1929  Plans of Farm Relief
Apr. 21, 1928  The Economic Position of the Farmer
Oct. 20, 1927  The Federal Farm Loan System
May 03, 1926  Congress and the Farm Problem
May 21, 1924  Agricultural Distress and Proposed Relief Measures
Farm Loans, Insurance, and Subsidies
Manufacturing and Industrial Production