Middle East Transition

December 1, 1978

Report Outline
U.S. Role as ‘Full Partner’
Roots of Middle East Conflict
Danger of More Instability
Special Focus

U.S. Role as ‘Full Partner’

Aftermath of the Camp David Agreements

The peace agreement between Egypt and Israel, hammered out at Camp David in September by President Carter, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, remains in limbo. The negotiations that followed in Washington in October were expected to be concluded quickly and a peace treaty signed by this time. But the negotiations have been beset by inumerable proposals and counterproposals, hope and despair and what President Carter referred to as a great deal of squabbling over “little, tiny technicalities.”

It is uncertain at this time when, where or if the treaty negotiations will resume. On Nov. 21, the Israeli Cabinet accepted a compromise draft treaty proposed by the United States, and Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan intimated that his country would accept no changes in the draft treaty. “Take it or leave it,” Dayan said on Nov. 22. President Sadat reportedly was angered by the rejection of his demands for a timetable for Palestinian autonomy on the Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip and may be unwilling to “take” the draft treaty as it now stands.

If a treaty is signed, it will virtually rule out a fifth Arab-Israeli war in the foreseeable future. For without Egypt, the other Arab states would be courting certain defeat by attacking Israel. But the settlement achieved in the Maryland mountains has been criticized by Arab moderates and condemned by Arab hard-liners and the Soviet Union. Until at least some of these parties agree to join the negotiations, the comprehensive peace that Carter has advocated since assuming the presidency is likely to remain elusive.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
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Apr. 13, 2018  The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
Mar. 09, 2018  Saudi Arabia's Uncertain Future
Jun. 21, 2013  Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
May 2009  Middle East Peace Prospects
Oct. 27, 2006  Middle East Tensions Updated
Jan. 21, 2005  Middle East Peace
Aug. 30, 2002  Prospects for Mideast Peace
Apr. 06, 2001  Middle East Conflict
Mar. 06, 1998  Israel At 50
Aug. 30, 1991  The Palestinians
Oct. 19, 1990  The Elusive Search for Arab Unity
Feb. 24, 1989  Egypt's Strategic Mideast Role
Apr. 15, 1988  Israel's 40-Year Quandary
Mar. 02, 1984  American Involvement in Lebanon
Nov. 12, 1982  Reagan's Mideast Peace Initiative
Apr. 23, 1982  Egypt After Sadat
Jan. 04, 1980  Divided Lebanon
Jul. 20, 1979  West Bank Negotiations
Dec. 01, 1978  Middle East Transition
Jan. 13, 1978  Saudi Arabia's Backstage Diplomacy
Oct. 29, 1976  Arab Disunity
May 16, 1975  Middle East Diplomacy
Sep. 13, 1974  Palestinian Question
Dec. 12, 1973  Middle East Reappraisal
Apr. 25, 1973  Israeli Society After 25 Years
Aug. 19, 1970  American Policy in the Middle East
Apr. 25, 1969  Arab Guerrillas
Aug. 02, 1967  Israeli Prospects
Jul. 06, 1966  Middle East Enmities
Apr. 14, 1965  Relations with Nasser
Aug. 17, 1960  Arab-Israeli Deadlock
May 27, 1959  Middle East Instability
Jun. 04, 1958  Nasser and Arab Unity
Oct. 02, 1957  Soviet Threat in Middle East
Sep. 18, 1956  Suez Dispute and Strategic Waterways
May 09, 1956  Middle East Commitments
Apr. 13, 1955  Middle East Conflicts
Mar. 31, 1954  Security in the Mideast
Oct. 23, 1952  Israel and the Arab States
Jan. 30, 1952  Egyptian Crisis and Middle East Defense
Mar. 17, 1948  Palestine Crisis
Feb. 18, 1946  Soviet Russia and the Middle East
Alliances and Security Agreements
Regional Political Affairs: Middle East and South Asia