Youth Unemployment

October 14, 1977

Report Outline
Expanding Size of the Problem
Federal Role in Job Creation
Implications for the Future
Special Focus

Expanding Size of the Problem

Concentration of Joblessness Among Youth

This month the Department of Labor will begin recruiting unemployed youths for a wide variety of jobs in public parks, forests and recreation areas. By the end of the year nearly 8,000 young people are expected to be enrolled in the program. Thousands of other jobless youths will be put to work in community improvement projects ranging from rehabilitation of public buildings to insulation and repair of low-cost housing. These young people will be the first hired under a $1-billion youth employment and training program approved by Congress last summer. By next September 200,000 young people are expected to be working in jobs or enrolled in training programs authorized by the Youth Employment and Demonstration Projects Act of 1977. An additional 250,000 teenagers and young adults could be enrolled if Congress appropriates an additional $500-million which President Carter has requested for the program.

Community leaders, government officials and social scientists generally applauded the new program, but many caution that it will not be a cure-all for persistent high rates of joblessness among the nation's 23 million young workers (ages 16 to 24). The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that more than three million of them are unemployed. This age group makes up only a quarter of the nation's labor force but accounts for nearly half of the unemployed. The overall unemployment rate in the United States during September was 6.9 per cent, but far higher among the nation's teenagers (18.1 per cent) and especially among black teenagers (37.4 per cent).

Some say such statistics understate the scope of the problem. For one thing the figures do not include the scores of youngsters who become discouraged and quit looking for work. Also excluded are those who want full-time jobs but find only part-time work, and the tens of thousands of college graduates who must take jobs outside their chosen fields.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Mar. 06, 2020  Universal Basic Income
Mar. 18, 2016  The Gig Economy
Mar. 06, 2012  Youth Unemployment
Jul. 31, 2009  Straining the Safety Net
Apr. 10, 2009  Business Bankruptcy
Mar. 13, 2009  Vanishing Jobs
Apr. 25, 2003  Unemployment Benefits
Jan. 21, 1994  Worker Retraining
Sep. 09, 1988  Help Wanted: Why Jobs Are Hard to Fill
Mar. 18, 1983  The Youth Unemployment Puzzle
Dec. 24, 1982  Federal Jobs Programs
May 28, 1982  America's Employment Outlook
Jun. 27, 1980  Unemployment Compensation
Oct. 14, 1977  Youth Unemployment
Jul. 11, 1975  Underemployment in America
Dec. 16, 1970  Unemployment in Recessions
Mar. 05, 1965  Unemployment Benefits in Times of Prosperity
Apr. 03, 1964  Overtime Pay Rates and Unemployment
Feb. 01, 1961  Unemployment and New Jobs
Jan. 07, 1959  Lag in Employment
Apr. 16, 1958  Emergency Jobless Aid
May 16, 1956  Lay-Off Pay Plans
Nov. 12, 1953  Jobless Compensation in Boom and Recession
Feb. 25, 1949  Defenses Against Unemployment
Jul. 30, 1945  Full Employment
Nov. 25, 1940  Unemployment Compensation
Jul. 10, 1939  Problem of the Migrant Unemployed
May 19, 1936  Unemployment and Recovery
Sep. 02, 1931  Public Employment Exchanges
Aug. 19, 1929  The Stabilization of Employment
Feb. 21, 1928  The Employment Situation in the United States
Jan. 23, 1926  Unemployment Insurance in the United States
Equal Employment Opportunity & Discrimination
Unemployment and Employment Programs