New Towns

November 6, 1968

Report Outline
New-Town Movement in United States
European Experience with New Towns
Planning for the Cities of the Future

New-Town Movement in United States

Every year a million acres of American countryside succumb to the bulldozer to meet the needs of an expanding urban population. Public figures are predicting that for every building now standing another will be added by the turn of the century, only a generation away. Robert C. Weaver, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, has pointed out that “Regardless of the merits or defects of our present suburbs, we shall see more of them.” The question, he says, is not whether to encourage more housing development in the fringe areas and beyond, but whether to go about it in more creative ways and make the new dwelling places more economical and more attractive.

Construction of “new towns” is proposed as a means of satisfying the housing demand and at the same time providing havens for refugees from the racial ghettos of big cities. But there is general agreement that new towns—cities built from scratch according to a single master plan—can perform such an exalted social and esthetic function only if aided by federal funds and planning. The President's Council on Recreation and Natural Beauty, headed by Hubert H. Humphrey, has just recommended to President Johnson that a wide variety of federal resources be made available, at least on a trial basis, to help private builders assemble land and to guarantee the necessary long-term financing for their development. This proposal for federally aided land acquisition is one of the strongest statements of support for new towns that has come from a governmental group.

The Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations made similar recommendations Nov. 3 in a report titled Urban and Rural America: Policies for Future Growth. The commission—composed of officials at the federal, state and local levels—said the building of entire new communities from the ground up offers a promising method of influencing the quality of urban growth. It suggested a wide variety of public assistance to new town development in the form of grants, loans, tax credits and tax deferrals.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Urban Planning
Jun. 03, 2022  The Future of the City
Jun. 04, 2021  Rebuilding America's Infrastructure
Aug. 21, 2020  Economic Clustering
Nov. 01, 2019  Caregiving Crunch
Jul. 27, 2012  Smart Cities
Apr. 09, 2010  Earthquake Threat
Apr. 2009  Rapid Urbanization
Jun. 23, 2006  Downtown Renaissance Updated
May 28, 2004  Smart Growth
Oct. 03, 1997  Urban Sprawl in the West
Mar. 21, 1997  Civic Renewal
Oct. 13, 1995  Revitalizing the Cities
Jun. 09, 1989  Not in My Back Yard!
Apr. 28, 1989  Do Enterprise Zones Work?
Nov. 22, 1985  Supercities: Problems of Urban Growth
Jul. 23, 1982  Reagan and the Cities
Nov. 18, 1977  Saving America's Cities
Oct. 31, 1975  Neighborhood Control
Nov. 21, 1973  Future of the City
Feb. 07, 1973  Restrictions on Urban Growth
May 20, 1970  Urbanization of the Earth
Nov. 06, 1968  New Towns
Oct. 04, 1967  Private Enterprise in City Rebuilding
Feb. 10, 1965  Megalopolis: Promise and Problems
Mar. 04, 1964  City Beautiful
Aug. 21, 1963  Urban Renewal Under Fire
Jan. 21, 1959  Metropolitan Areas and the Federal Government
Jul. 30, 1958  Persistence of Slums
Dec. 09, 1953  Outspreading Cities
Nov. 22, 1952  Slum Clearance: 1932–1952
Jan. 14, 1937  Zoning of Urban and Rural Areas
Regional Planning and Urbanization