Negroes in the North

October 27, 1965

Report Outline
Negro Problems in Northern Cities
Negro Migrations and Negro Family Life
Effort to Improve Negro Opportunities

Negro Problems in Northern Cities

A white house conference on civil rights, scheduled for November 17 and 18, is expected to devote its principal attention to the situation of Negroes in the big cities of the North. It is generally recognized that the nub of the Negro problem now—and of the problem of relations between whites and Negroes—rests not in southern rural counties controlled by die-hard segregationists, but in slum districts of the urban North. The White House conference represents the latest move in the administration's effort to devise programs for removing obstacles to Negro advancement that persist despite civil rights guarantees, large expenditures for aid to the needy, and the opening of new opportunities in education and employment.

White House Meeting on Negro Opportunities

President Johnson said on Oct. 5 that it would be the basic purpose of the White House meeting to “point the way toward new efforts to include the Negro American more fully in our society.” The President expressed hope that the conference would direct attention to “new avenues of opportunity for Negro Americans…[who] will one day walk down those avenues toward full participation in a great society.” The November meeting, he said, would be followed next spring by a larger “conference of concerned Americans” who would take up recommendations made by the earlier group.

The scope of the coming conference was first indicated in a commencement address delivered by President Johnson last June 4 at Howard University, a largely Negro institution in Washington. The President said on that occasion that something beyond merely opening the doors of opportunity had to be done for “the great majority of Negro Americans—the poor, the unemployed, the uprooted and the dispossessed,” if they were to benefit from new gains in civil rights. Johnson asserted that the abilities of the individual Negro had been weakened by “the devastating heritage of long years of slavery and a century of oppression and hatred and injustice.” Although many Negroes had succeeded in overcoming those handicaps, others were “losing ground every day.” The poor and disheartened Negro must be helped to take advantage of opportunities available to him; “he just cannot do it alone.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement
Jul. 22, 2022  Black Hairstyles
Nov. 15, 1985  Black America Long March for Equality
Aug. 12, 1983  Black Political Power
Jan. 18, 1980  Black Leadership Question
Aug. 15, 1973  Black Americans, 1963–1973
Nov. 26, 1969  Racial Discrimination in Craft Unions
Sep. 11, 1968  Black Pride
Feb. 21, 1968  Negro Power Struggle
Mar. 08, 1967  Negroes in the Economy
Jan. 19, 1966  Changing Southern Politics
Oct. 27, 1965  Negroes in the North
Jul. 21, 1965  Negro Revolution: Next Steps
Oct. 14, 1964  Negro Voting
Sep. 21, 1964  Negroes and the Police
Jul. 03, 1963  Right of Access to Public Accommodations
Jan. 23, 1963  Negro Jobs and Education
Mar. 25, 1960  Violence and Non-Violence in Race Relations
Aug. 05, 1959  Negro Employment
Apr. 18, 1956  Racial Issues in National Politics
Apr. 18, 1951  Progress in Race Relations
Dec. 17, 1948  Discrimination in Employment
Jan. 10, 1947  Federal Protection of Civil Liberties
Aug. 25, 1944  The Negro Vote
Jul. 01, 1942  Racial Discrimination and the War Effort
Mar. 25, 1939  Civil and Social Rights of the Negro
Jul. 22, 1927  Disenfranchisement of the Negro in the South
Civil Rights: African Americans