Relations With Red China

November 25, 1964

Report Outline
Changing World Position of Red China
Pekings Contacts with the Free World
Communist China and the United Nations
The United Sfeifss and Mainland China

Changing World Position of Red China

Impact of China's Bomb on Country's Status

Explosion of an atomic device by the Communist Chinese on October 16, though only an initial step on the road to full nuclear development, gave Red China added stature on the world stage. It may be years before the Chinese can attain significant nuclear strength, but the most populous nation on the globe has demonstrated that it is on the way to becoming a nuclear power. That fact injects a new and ominous element into world politics. Its influence may be apparent when the perennial question of giving the Peoples Republic of China representation in the United Nations comes up once more at the opening of the 19th regular session of the General Assembly on Dec. 1 in New York.

The United States, which has consistently opposed handing over Nationalist Chinas U.N. seat to Peking, never has established more than informal contacts with the mainland Chinese. Growing American support of the South Vietnamese in their struggle against the Communist Viet Cong has intensified Red Chinas hostility toward this country, while events in Southeast Asia have hardly contributed to friendlier feelings on the part of Americans toward Asian Communists of any nationality. Secretary of State Dean Rusk warned, Nov. 11, that there was trouble ahead for Communist China and the United States if Peking did not stop trying to subvert the nations of Southeast Asia.

India was reported in mid-November to have informed Peking that it could not enter into any scientific and cultural exchanges with China, because China was determined to manufacture atomic bombs. Forced two years ago to take up arms against invading Chinese forces, India is especially sensitive to any portent of increased Chinese military strength. But other nations of the free world equally deplore the addition of still another country to the list of nuclear powers.

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