Jews in Soviet Russia

August 8, 1962

Report Outline
Worsening Situation of Russian Jews
Evidences of Anti-Semitism in U.S.S.R.
Ups and Downs of Jews Under Soviets

Worsening Situation of Russian Jews

Signs of Resurgence of Russian Anti-Semitism

Reports of worsening conditions of life among Jews in the Soviet Union, coupled with what appears to be a determined campaign of vilification against them in the Soviet press, have aroused fears of a broad resurgence of anti-Semitism reminiscent of the days of the Czars. Despite official denials, there are continuing indications that Russia's three million Jews are living an uneasy existence in a hostile atmosphere; many of them are deprived of rights supposed to be guaranteed under Soviet law.

In a book recounting his experiences in Russia last winter, Harrison E. Salisbury, veteran New York Times correspondent, reported that anti-Semitism was especially evident in the rural areas of the Ukraine, Byelorussia and Moldavia. “Its revival has been stimulated by aggressive official propaganda against the Jewish religion and Zionism, often couched in terms that blurred the boundary between anti-religion and anti-Semitism,” Salisbury wrote.

The American Jewish Committee asserted at its annual meeting last April that the “deteriorating situation of Jews in the Soviet Union” constituted “an obstacle to better understanding between nations.” Several U.S. senators—among them Prescott Bush (R Conn.), Jacob K. Javits (E N.Y.), Kenneth B. Keating (R N.Y.) and Leverett Saltonstall (R Mass.)—have carried the Jewish protest to the floor of the Senate. They count on Moscow's sensitivity to world criticism of Soviet treatment of minorities to effect a modification of harsh policies toward Jews.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Russia and the Soviet Union
Jan. 13, 2017  U.S.-Russia Relations
Feb. 07, 2014  Resurgent Russia
Feb. 21, 2012  Russia in Turmoil
Jun. 06, 2008  Dealing With the "New" Russia
Jun. 17, 2005  Russia and the Former Soviet Republics
Jan. 18, 2002  U.S.-Russia Relations
May 22, 1998  U.S.-Russian Relations
May 03, 1996  Russia's Political Future
Mar. 12, 1993  Aid to Russia
Jul. 12, 1991  Soviet Republics Rebel
Nov. 03, 1989  Balkanization of Eastern Europe (Again)
Feb. 14, 1986  Gorbachev's Challenge
Jan. 07, 1983  Russia Under Andropov
Feb. 19, 1982  Soviet Economic Dilemmas
Feb. 06, 1981  Russia After Détente
Feb. 04, 1977  Sino-Soviet Relations
Feb. 20, 1976  Soviet Options: 25th Party Congress
Jun. 28, 1972  Dissent in Russia
Mar. 17, 1971  Russia's Restive Consumers
Dec. 03, 1969  Kremlin Succession
Oct. 18, 1968  Czechoslovakia and European Security
Apr. 22, 1964  Changing Status of Soviet Satellites
Jan. 29, 1964  Soviet Agriculture: Record of Stagnation
Aug. 08, 1962  Jews in Soviet Russia
Jul. 16, 1958  Tito and the Soviets
Jun. 26, 1957  Soviet Economic Challenge
Aug. 29, 1956  Restive Satellites
Mar. 11, 1955  Soviet Economic Strains
Nov. 04, 1953  Russia's European Satellites
Aug. 03, 1951  Soviet Peace Offensives
Jul. 01, 1948  Russia's War Potential
Jun. 21, 1943  Evolution of Soviet Policies
Mar. 01, 1943  Soviet Russia and the Border States
Aug. 15, 1930  The Soviet Five-Year Plan
Aug. 26, 1929  The League and the Sino-Russian Dispute
Feb. 04, 1924  The Problem of Russian Recognition
Global Issues
Regional Political Affairs: Russia and the Former Soviet Union