Land and Tax Reform in Latin America

December 13, 1961

Report Outline
Drive for Social Reform in the Americas
Latin American Efforts at Land Reform
Reform of Present Systems of Taxation

Drive for Social Reform in the Americas

The President and the Alliance for Progress

By Flying South for one-day visits in Venezuela and Colombia, December 16 and 17, President Kennedy will remind the people of the United States as well as of Latin American countries that success for the Alliance for Progress is a prime goal of his administration. Participation by the President himself in the dedication of new school and housing projects carried out under the program will demonstrate dramatically his interest in this joint effort to improve economic and social conditions in Latin America.

It has been emphasized from the beginning that the Alliance for Progress is to be, not just another foreign aid program, but a cooperative venture. The Latin American countries are expected not only to contribute, according to their ability, to the cost of projects but also to carry out basic economic and fiscal reforms that will improve the chances that the alliance will yield permanent gains. When President Kennedy broached the idea of the alliance, in a talk to Latin American diplomats at the White House last March 13, he said: “Unless necessary social reforms, including land and tax reform, are freely made—unless we broaden the opportunity of all of our people—unless the great mass of Americans share in increasing prosperity—then our alliance, our revolution, our dream and our freedom will fail.”

Marshall Plan aid for European recovery after World War II was conditioned on self-help and economic collaboration on the part of the participating nations, but the reforms now sought in Latin America represent a fundamental departure in this country's approach to the problem of assisting underdeveloped nations. Adlai E. Stevenson, United States representative at the United Nations, has spelled out some of the “new truths” about helping such countries that have been learned since the war. “We learned that economic development can court political disaster if it merely benefits the fortunate few while the gulf between rich and poor grows still more dangerously wide,” Stevenson told the Inter-American Press Association on Oct. 16. “We learned that it was impossible to build a modern economy on foundations of massive poverty, illiteracy, feudalism, tax avoidance and social injustice. We learned, in short, that a social revolution in some cases is a precondition of political stability and economic growth.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Latin America
Sep. 14, 2018  Turmoil in Central America
Jun. 05, 2012  China in Latin America
Mar. 2008  The New Latin America
Jul. 21, 2006  Change in Latin America
Mar. 14, 2003  Trouble in South America
Nov. 09, 2001  U.S.- Mexico Relations
Sep. 19, 1997  Mexico's Future
Jul. 19, 1991  Mexico's Emergence
May 05, 1989  New Approach to Central America
Mar. 06, 1987  Soviets' Latin Influence
Dec. 26, 1986  Pinochet's Chile
Nov. 08, 1985  Troubled Mexico
Apr. 10, 1981  Latin American Challenges
May 05, 1978  Central America and the U.S.A.
Sep. 23, 1977  Mexican-U.S. Relations
Jun. 04, 1976  Relations with Latin America
Oct. 21, 1970  Chile's Embattled Democracy
Jun. 24, 1970  Mexico's Election and the Continuing Revolution
Apr. 02, 1969  Economic Nationalism in Latin America
Jul. 19, 1967  Guerrilla Movements in Latin America
Dec. 28, 1966  Militarism in Latin America
Oct. 20, 1965  Common Market for Latin America
Aug. 04, 1965  Smoldering Colombia
Jun. 23, 1965  Inter-American Peacekeeping
Dec. 11, 1963  Progress of the Alianza
Oct. 05, 1962  Arms Aid to Latin America
Dec. 13, 1961  Land and Tax Reform in Latin America
Jul. 26, 1961  Commodity Agreements for Latin America
Jan. 11, 1961  Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Jan. 13, 1960  Expropriation in Latin America
Jul. 02, 1958  Economic Relations with Latin America
Mar. 02, 1954  Communism in Latin America
Jun. 20, 1952  Political Unrest in Latin America
Sep. 18, 1950  War Aid from Latin America
Oct. 31, 1947  Arming the Americas
Jul. 24, 1946  Inter-American Security
Jan. 02, 1942  Latin America and the War
Jul. 10, 1941  Export Surpluses and Import Needs of South America
Jun. 04, 1941  Economic Defense of Latin America
Jun. 25, 1940  Politics in Mexico
Nov. 01, 1939  Pan American Political Relations
Oct. 10, 1939  United States Trade with Latin America
Apr. 07, 1938  Protection of American Interests in Mexico
Mar. 04, 1936  Peace Machinery in the Americas
Sep. 27, 1933  Trade Relations with Latin America
Oct. 16, 1928  Pan American Arbitration Conference
Jan. 12, 1928  The Sixth Pan American Conference
Jan. 10, 1927  American Policy in Nicaragua
Dec. 27, 1926  Relations Between Mexico and the United States
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean