Japan: Disturbed Ally

June 2, 1960

Report Outline
American Treaty Relations with Japan
Conflicts in Japan's Postwar Politics
Trend of Japanese Foreign Relations

American Treaty Relations with Japan

Tokyo Demonstrations and Eisenhower's Visit

Massive demonstrations in Tokyo in the last week of May—against ratification of a revised Japanese-American security treaty and against the conservative pro-American government of Premier Nobusuke Kishi —brought into view a new though probably remote threat to the position of the United States in the Far East. The demonstrating mobs in Japan were made up largely of students. Student demonstrations recently precipitated the overthrow of the South Korean and Turkish governments. The Japanese students, like their counterparts in South Korea and Turkey, were demonstrating against government conduct that had been in flagrant disregard of democratic practices.

In Japan, however, the students did not seem animated by the passionate conviction that inspired the Korean and Turkish demonstrators, nor did they appear to attract adult support of national proportions. The troubles in Tokyo were plainly of left-wing Socialist and Communist origin. The leftists managed to put on mammoth and noisy demonstrations, but they have not yet managed to threaten the large majorities held in the Diet by the conservative Liberal-Democratic Party. Press dispatches from Tokyo indicate that opposition to the new treaty with the United States has been distinctly a minority manifestation.

President Eisenhower's Coming Trip to Tokyo

This view of the disturbances is held also in official quarters, for no change has been made in President Eisenhower's scheduled plan to visit Japan from June 19 to 22. The state visit marks the 100th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries. The day the President arrives in Tokyo also is the day the May 20 ratification of the new security treaty by the lower house of Japan's Diet will automatically take effect unless the upper house of the Diet has completed the ratification in the meantime.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Jul. 26, 2002  Japan in Crisis
May 31, 1991  The U.S. And Japan
Apr. 09, 1982  Tensions in U.S.-Japanese Relations
Jul. 01, 1977  Japanese Elections
Mar. 04, 1970  Emergent Japan
Jun. 25, 1969  Okinawa Question
Jan. 05, 1966  Rising Japanese Nationalism
Jun. 02, 1960  Japan: Disturbed Ally
Nov. 18, 1959  Japanese Competition in International Trade
May 11, 1955  Relations With Japan
Nov. 03, 1954  Japan's Economy
Jan. 09, 1952  Trade with Japan
Feb. 28, 1951  Japan and Pacific Security
Sep. 19, 1947  Peace with Japan
Aug. 14, 1945  Emperor of Japan
Nov. 03, 1944  Russo-Japanese Relations
Dec. 09, 1939  The United States and Japan's New Order in Asia
Dec. 05, 1938  Japan and the Open Door Policy
Apr. 29, 1935  Japanese Foreign Trade Expansion
May 11, 1934  Japanese Policy in Asia
Oct. 12, 1932  Japanese-American Relations
Mar. 17, 1932  Boycotts and Embargoes
Feb. 10, 1932  Militarism Vs. Liberalism in Japan
International Law and Agreements
Regional Political Affairs: East Asia and the Pacific