Chemical-Biological Warfare

October 12, 1959

Report Outline
Nature of Chemical-Biological Weapons
Alleged Advantages of New Weapons
Preparations for Gas-Germ Warfare
Troubling Questions About C-B Warfare

Nature of Chemical-Biological Weapons

New Disclosures About Gas-Germ Weapons

Facts about chemical and biological weapons of war, long shrouded in mystery, are beginning to come into the open. Revulsion of peoples the world over to putting gases or germs to military use has made most military and government officials reluctant to talk about even elementary precautions the United States is taking to ready itself for this kind of warfare. The State Department in particular has wanted to avoid giving Communist propagandists any possible peg on which to hang new accusations comparable to the spurious germ warfare allegations circulated during the Korean War.

Now, however, the long silence on the subject has been broken. No one is telling technical secrets, but enough has been said to indicate the general nature of the chemical and biological weapons that are being studied or stockpiled, and enough to acquaint the public with the possible advantages of using them in war. The publicity that has started to light up this field has resulted chiefly from the conviction of Army Chemical Corps officers that the people and the Congress need to be exposed to a new view—the view that chemical and biological weapons have not been given their proper strategic role and consequently have not received adequate financial support.

The House Committee on Science and Astronautics, after holding hearings in June, declared in a unanimous report on Aug. 10 that expenditures in this quarter would have to be “at least trebled …to speed research to a level of attainment compatible with the efforts of the Communist nations.” Brig. Gen. J. H. Rothschild, ret., former head of the Chemical Corps Research and Development Command, pointed out in a recent magazine article:

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Jul. 29, 2016  Modernizing the Nuclear Arsenal
Mar. 08, 2002  Weapons of Mass Destruction
Jan. 31, 1997  Chemical and Biological Weapons
Jun. 24, 1994  Nuclear Arms Cleanup
Jun. 05, 1992  Nuclear Proliferation
Jun. 29, 1990  Obstacles to Bio-Chemical Disarmament
Apr. 22, 1988  The Military Build-Down in the 1990s
May 24, 1987  Euromissile Negotiations
Jul. 11, 1986  Chemical Weapons
Apr. 27, 1984  Reagan's Defense Buildup
Jun. 04, 1982  Civil Defense
Jul. 17, 1981  Controlling Nuclear Proliferation
Jun. 05, 1981  MX Missile Decision
Aug. 15, 1980  The Neutron Bomb and European Defense
Sep. 07, 1979  Atomic Secrecy
Mar. 17, 1978  Nuclear Proliferation
May 27, 1977  Chemical-Biological Warfare
May 13, 1977  Politics of Strategic Arms Negotiations
Nov. 15, 1974  Nuclear Safeguards
Jul. 01, 1970  Nuclear Balance of Terror: 25 Years After Alamogordo
Jun. 18, 1969  Chemical–Biological Weaponry
Jun. 30, 1965  Atomic Proliferation
Mar. 21, 1962  Nuclear Testing Dilemmas
Aug. 16, 1961  Shelters and Survival
Oct. 12, 1959  Chemical-Biological Warfare
May 13, 1959  Nuclear Test Ban
Dec. 04, 1957  Scientific Cooperation and Atlantic Security
May 15, 1957  Changing Defense Concepts
Jul. 03, 1956  Civil Defense, 1956
Nov. 16, 1955  International Arms Deals
Oct. 04, 1954  Industrial Defense
Apr. 15, 1954  National Defense Strategy
Feb. 10, 1954  New Aproaches to Atomic Control
Oct. 10, 1953  Atomic Information
Apr. 11, 1952  Biological Warfare
Oct. 03, 1951  World Arms Race
Feb. 04, 1948  International Control of Atomic Energy
Dec. 06, 1946  International Inspection
Aug. 27, 1943  Gas Warfare
Jul. 24, 1937  The New Race in Armaments
May 05, 1932  Abolition of Aggressive Weapons
Arms Control and Disarmament
Defense Technology and Force Planning