Progress in Race Relations

April 18, 1951

Report Outline
Power Gains of American Negroes
Better Utilization of Negro Manpower
Racial Integration in the Armed Forces
Gains in Opportunities for Education
Special Focus

Power Gains of American Negroes

The postwar years have been marked by substantial betterment of relations between black and white citizens in most parts of the United States. In recent weeks a leading Negro sociologist has cited “notable progress” in breaking down racial prejudices, the head of a large interracial organization has noted “marked improvement” in working and living conditions of American Negroes, and a prominent southern newspaper editor has said race relations in the South are better now than at any time in the past.

A notable contribution to public understanding of the race problem was made by the report in 1947 of the President's Committee on Civil Rights, Decisions of federal courts, before and since the committee's report, have done much to mitigate discriminations on account of color. Congress has lagged behind the executive and judicial branches, although some of the legislation proposed to remove causes of friction between the races has long commanded majority support in both houses.

Pour principal measures bearing on Negro-white relations were recommended by President Truman in his civil rights message of Feb. 2, 1948. They were an anti-poll-tax bill, an anti-lynching bill, and bills to prohibit discrimination in employment and in interstate transportation. Anti-poll-tax bills were passed by the House in the Republican 80th Congress and the Democratic 81st Congress, but each was filibustered to death in the Senate. The same fate awaited a bill to establish a voluntary Fair Employment Practice Commission, passed by the House in 1950.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement
Jul. 22, 2022  Black Hairstyles
Nov. 15, 1985  Black America Long March for Equality
Aug. 12, 1983  Black Political Power
Jan. 18, 1980  Black Leadership Question
Aug. 15, 1973  Black Americans, 1963–1973
Nov. 26, 1969  Racial Discrimination in Craft Unions
Sep. 11, 1968  Black Pride
Feb. 21, 1968  Negro Power Struggle
Mar. 08, 1967  Negroes in the Economy
Jan. 19, 1966  Changing Southern Politics
Oct. 27, 1965  Negroes in the North
Jul. 21, 1965  Negro Revolution: Next Steps
Oct. 14, 1964  Negro Voting
Sep. 21, 1964  Negroes and the Police
Jul. 03, 1963  Right of Access to Public Accommodations
Jan. 23, 1963  Negro Jobs and Education
Mar. 25, 1960  Violence and Non-Violence in Race Relations
Aug. 05, 1959  Negro Employment
Apr. 18, 1956  Racial Issues in National Politics
Apr. 18, 1951  Progress in Race Relations
Dec. 17, 1948  Discrimination in Employment
Jan. 10, 1947  Federal Protection of Civil Liberties
Aug. 25, 1944  The Negro Vote
Jul. 01, 1942  Racial Discrimination and the War Effort
Mar. 25, 1939  Civil and Social Rights of the Negro
Jul. 22, 1927  Disenfranchisement of the Negro in the South
Civil Rights: African Americans
Diversity Issues
Equal Employment Opportunity & Discrimination
Segregation and Desegregation