Stand-By Laws for War

July 1, 1950

Report Outline
Advance Planning and Modern Warfare
Status of U. S. Mobilization Program
Proposals for Stand-By Legislation
Special Focus

Advance Planning and Modern Warfare

Participation of American air and sea squadrons in the defense of South Korea and the implication of the President's statement of June 27 that attempted conquest of any additional territory by international Communism will be met with military force have clearly brought the United States closer to war with Russia than at any time in the past. Recognizing this fact, Congress has extended the Selective Service Act for an additional year, with no restrictions on the President's power to order inductions, and it has granted new authority to the President to order any or ail members and organizations of the National Guard and other reserve components to active duty, without prior action by the legislative branch.

Whether additional stand-by laws for war—laws which would give the President power to order full industrial and economic mobilization upon declaration of a national emergency—are to be sought from Congress at this session will depend upon whether the present crisis moderates or becomes more acute in the immediate future.

During House debate on extension of the draft, May 24, Chairman Vinson (D., Ga.) of the Armed Services Committee expressed concern because “there has not been submitted to the Congress a complete mobilization plan.” He believed “one should be submitted and should be passed at this time, dealing with capital, labor and manpower, and be put on the shelf.” He hoped that, at the latest, a stand-by mobilization plan would be sent to Congress for enactment when it meets in January.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Disasters and Preparedness
Sep. 04, 2020  Pandemic Preparedness
Jan. 12, 2018  Disaster Readiness
Sep. 22, 2017  Climate Change and National Security
Aug. 02, 2013  Preparing for Disaster
Jun. 25, 2010  Offshore Drilling
Feb. 03, 2006  Rebuilding New Orleans
Nov. 18, 2005  Disaster Preparedness Updated
Dec. 16, 1994  Earthquake Research
Oct. 15, 1993  Disaster Response
Jul. 15, 1988  Slow Progress in Earthquake Prediction
Apr. 12, 1985  Tornadoes
Jul. 16, 1976  Earthquake Forecasting
Mar. 19, 1969  Earthquakes: Causes and Consequences
Aug. 22, 1962  Government Stockpiling
Jan. 18, 1956  Disaster Insurance
Mar. 06, 1952  Mobilization for a Prolonged Emergency
Jul. 01, 1950  Stand-By Laws for War
Jan. 09, 1928  Economic Effects of the Mississippi Flood
May 19, 1927  Mississippi River Flood Relief and Control
Emergency Preparedness