Government Reorganization

May 15, 1946

Report Outline
Government Reconversion for Tasks of Peace
Reorganization Efforts Since World War I
Impediments to Reorganization
Special Focus

Government Reconversion for Tasks of Peace

First exercise by President Truman of the powers conferred upon him by the Government Reorganization Act of 1945 is expected in the immediate future The changes in government machinery ordered by the President will take effect after 60 days if not disapproved in the meantime by concurrent resolution of the two houses of Congress. Or they may be placed in effect at the beginning of the new fiscal year on July 1 if Congress so directs.

One of the stated objectives of Congress in adopting the Reorganization Act was reduction in the expenditures of government agencies by one-fourth —thus to assist in achieving a balanced budget in the first full fiscal year after the war.

Presidential Vs. Congressional Reorganization

The great importance attached by President Truman to reorganization of the federal establishment is shown by the fact that this was the subject of his first request for legislation after his succession to the presidency. In a special message to Congress, May 24, 1945, he asked that he be given authority to realign the Executive Branch with a view to greater efficiency and economy in the performance of its functions after the war. Quite aside from the disposition of war agencies, he said, other changes in the federal structure needed to be made “currently and continuously.” He therefore asked that the reorganization authority be made of permanent duration and that it be “sufficiently broad and flexible to permit any form of organizational adjustment, large or small.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Governmental Reorganization
May 15, 1946  Government Reorganization
Sep. 17, 1936  Reorganization of Federal Administrative Agencies
Nov. 27, 1929  Reorganization of Government Departments
Sep. 17, 1925  Reorganization of Executive Departments
Powers and History of the Presidency