World Press Freedom

December 10, 1945

Report Outline
Freedom of the Press in the Postwar World
American Promotion of Press Freedom
International Action to Advance Free Press

Freedom of the Press in the Postwar World

Difficulties experienced in getting news out of eastern Europe, since the end of the war, have sharpened demands in the United States for action to promote worldwide observance of the principles of press freedom. Obstacles put in the way of American press representatives, coupled with distrust of Soviet policies in countries occupied by Russia, led to recent proposals in Congress to attach free-press conditions to distribution of United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration supplies purchased with American funds. That move, involving possible denial of relief to starving populations, was condemned as an inappropriate use of the power of the American purse. But Congress may be disposed to insist on free-press requirements in connection with any proposals that may be presented to it for general financial aid to Russia or Russian-controlled countries.

For several years, leaders of the American press have been campaigning for international guarantees to assure foreign correspondents full freedom to report and transmit news in time of peace. The administration, in various ways, has demonstrated its sympathy with that objective. At recent international conferences it has strongly supported proposals to promote freer press conditions. The State Department, moreover, has been laying special emphasis on freedom of the press as a test of freedom of elections in liberated countries. Secretary of State Byrnes said, Aug. 22, that he felt fair elections could be more effectively guaranteed through the unhampered activities of a free press than through a system of official international supervision.

Chief Objectives in Struggle for World Free Press

Freedom of the domestic press of foreign countries from censorship or other forma of government control is an ideal earnestly supported by American crusaders for world press freedom. Their particular objective, however, is to bring about conditions under which there can be unrestricted exchange of information between countries. Full realization of those conditions would require recognition of the right of foreign newspaper find radio correspondents to enter any country and move about freely therein: opening of news sources to foreign correspondents on equal terms and without discrimination in favor of the domestic press; and freedom to transmit dispatches without fear of punitive action.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Journalism, Newspapers, and the Media
Jan. 28, 2022  Misinformation and the Media
Oct. 02, 2020  Social Media Platforms
Sep. 18, 2020  The News Media
Aug. 24, 2018  Conspiracy Theories
Jun. 09, 2017  Trust in Media
May 30, 2014  Digital Journalism
May 03, 2013  Media Bias
Apr. 26, 2013  Free Speech at Risk
Apr. 12, 2013  Combat Journalism
Nov. 2010  Press Freedom
Oct. 08, 2010  Journalism Standards in the Internet Age
Feb. 05, 2010  Press Freedom
Mar. 27, 2009  Future of Journalism Updated
Jun. 09, 2006  Blog Explosion Updated
Jan. 20, 2006  Future of Newspapers
Apr. 08, 2005  Free-Press Disputes
Oct. 15, 2004  Media Bias
Oct. 10, 2003  Media Ownership Updated
Dec. 25, 1998  Journalism Under Fire
Jun. 05, 1998  Student Journalism
Sep. 20, 1996  Civic Journalism
Sep. 23, 1994  Courts and the Media
Aug. 24, 1990  Hard Times at the Nation's Newspapers
Jan. 19, 1990  Finding Truth in the Age of ‘Infotainment’
Aug. 18, 1989  Libel Law: Finding the Right Balance
Jun. 06, 1986  Magazine Trends
Oct. 12, 1984  News Media and Presidential Campaigns
Jul. 15, 1983  State of American Newspapers
Oct. 23, 1981  High Cost of Libel
Dec. 23, 1977  Media Reforms
Mar. 11, 1977  News Media Ownership
Jun. 21, 1974  Access to the Media
Dec. 20, 1972  Newsmen's Rights
Aug. 16, 1972  Blacks in the News Media
Dec. 15, 1971  Magazine Industry Shake-Out
Jul. 18, 1969  Competing Media
Sep. 02, 1964  Politicians and the Press
Dec. 04, 1963  Libel Suits and Press Freedom
Jan. 09, 1963  Newspaper Mergers
Dec. 20, 1961  Reading Boom: Books and Magazines
Dec. 02, 1959  Privileged Communications
Apr. 25, 1956  Newsprint Deficit
May 06, 1953  Government and the Press
Sep. 21, 1948  Press and State
Sep. 05, 1947  Newsprint Supply
Mar. 26, 1947  Facsimile Newspapers
Dec. 10, 1945  World Press Freedom
May 01, 1940  New Experiments in Newspaper-Making
Nov. 04, 1933  Press Freedom Under the Recovery Program
Freedom of Speech and Press
Global Issues