Army-Navy Consolidation

October 6, 1945

Report Outline
Powtwar Reorganization of Armed Forces
Slow Progress Toward Unification
Army-Navy Split on Merger Plans
Special Focus

Powtwar Reorganization of Armed Forces

Two basic questions have received principal attention from the special committee set up by the House a year and a half ago to formulate a postwar military policy for the United States: Is universal military training essential to the national security? I Shall the Army and Navy be merged under the single authority of a new government department of national defense?

The first question was answered in the affirmative by the committee, July 5, 1945, in a report which recommended immediate adoption by Congress of a program of universal military training. Compulsory training after the war received unanimous support in testimony before the committee by leaders of the armed services. There was no corresponding agreement on consolidation of the Army and Navy. It was strongly supported by the generals and civilian officials of the War Department and as strongly opposed by the admirals and civilian officials of the Navy Department. In view of this conflict, the committee postponed final recommendations until after the close of the war. Chairman Woodrum announced at the end of September that the committee would resume its consideration of Army-Navy consolidation about the middle of October.

Truman's Support of Army-Navy Unification

President Roosevelt, who served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy during 1913–1920, was said to believe that all desirable purposes of the proposed merger could be accomplished under the machinery for combined operations developed during World War II. President Truman, who served with the land forces in France during World War I, is said to agree with the Army that the services should be united immediately after demobilization.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S. Navy
Jul. 23, 1976  Navy Rebuilding
Mar. 06, 1968  Sea Power and Global Strategy
Oct. 06, 1945  Army-Navy Consolidation
Oct. 02, 1941  Undeclared Naval Warfare
Oct. 25, 1939  Naval Blockades and Submarine Warfare
Nov. 20, 1935  American Naval Policy
Nov. 19, 1934  Naval Limitation and Pacific Problems, 1921–1936
Oct. 27, 1931  The Proposed Naval Holiday
Jul. 25, 1930  Military and Naval Expenditures
Jan. 16, 1930  The London Naval Conference
Sep. 28, 1929  The Anglo-American Naval Situation
Feb. 13, 1928  The 1928 Naval Building Program
General Defense and National Security