France in Transition

September 1, 1945

Report Outline
Political Recontruction in France
Political and Social Cleavages in France
Present Position of Political Groups in France

Political Recontruction in France

Progress in First Year of Liberation

France was a defeated country in enemy occupation when General Charles de Gaulle arrived in Washington, July 6, 1944, for negotiations with President Roosevelt. Allied troops had landed on the Normandy beaches only a month before. The Nazis still held all of France except the Cherbourg peninsula. De Gaulle had paid a brief visit to Normandy, but his headquarters remained at Algiers. His provisional government had received full recognition as the government of France from only a few small countries.

When De Gaulle came to the United States in August of this year for conferences with President Truman, France was again a free nation. The provisional government had established its authority at home and abroad. The country had become formally a member of the United Nations and it had been accorded great power status in the arrangements for making and keeping the peace.

De Gaulle's Conferences with Roosevelt and Truman

Conferences of the French leader with President Roosevelt last year resulted in American acceptance of the French Committee of National Liberation, not as the provisional government, but as the de facto civilian authority in liberated areas of France. The conversations relieved the tension that had been growing since the American invasion of North Africa, but no solid basis of personal understanding was reached between Roosevelt and De Gaulle.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Mar. 03, 1978  French Parliamentary Elections
Feb. 14, 1973  French Elections, 1973
Apr. 10, 1968  French-American Relations
Nov. 24, 1965  Election of De Gaulle: Past and Future Policies
Nov. 20, 1963  French Policy Under De Gaulle
Feb. 20, 1963  France and the Alliance
Nov. 07, 1962  French Governmental Crisis
Mar. 10, 1960  Status of France
Sep. 15, 1955  Future of France in North Africa
Dec. 16, 1953  French Political Instability
Nov. 15, 1952  France and Germany in West European Defense
Jan. 29, 1947  Empire of France
Sep. 01, 1945  France in Transition
Aug. 08, 1944  Relations with France
Mar. 21, 1942  Relations with France
Apr. 10, 1934  Constitutional Reform in France
Jun. 30, 1929  The French Debt and the Young Plan
Apr. 27, 1928  The Briand-Kellogg Correspondence
Mar. 30, 1928  French National Elections - 1928
Aug. 24, 1926  French Currency and Exchange
Jun. 30, 1925  The Moroccan Problem
Jun. 17, 1925  The French Debt to the United States
Apr. 11, 1925  The French Financial Problem
May 07, 1924  The French National Elections
Sep. 21, 1923  French Reparation Policy in the Light of the Dariac Report
Regional Political Affairs: Europe