The Executive Budget and Appropriations by Congress

February 1, 1943

Report Outline
Budget and Appropriations
Rise of the Modern Budget System
Appropriation Bills in Congress

Budget and Appropriations

Republican Gains and the Power of the Purse

The first month of the 1943 session of Congress was marked by the emergence of a persistent demand, among members of both parties in both houses, for a stricter control of government spending, and for renewed employment of the “power of the purse” as a cheek upon government policies.

The new assertiveness of the Legislative Branch, in this as in other fields, is generally attributed to the restoration, by the 1942 congressional elections, of a closer balance of party strength in Congress than has existed at any time since President Roosevelt's first inauguration in 1933. The President's party holds an overall majority of 18 in the Senate, but a majority of only 9 in the House—and the majorities in each chamber contain substantial blocs of occasional or potential dissenters from administration policies.

The narrow margin of Democratic control in the lower chamber is of particular importance in connection with money bills, for the Constitution provides, in Article I, Section 7, that: “All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives.” Appropriation bills have been regarded by the House, since the first meeting of the First Congress under the Constitution of 1789, as coming within the term “bills for raising revenue.” The lower chamber has enforced its prerogative of originating such measures by consistently refusing to approve any bill granting an appropriation which has been first passed in the Senate.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Federal Budget and National Debt
Sep. 01, 2017  National Debt
Jul. 12, 2013  Government Spending
May 15, 2012  State Capitalism
Mar. 18, 2011  National Debt
Nov. 14, 2008  The National Debt
Dec. 09, 2005  Budget Deficit
Apr. 13, 2001  Budget Surplus
Feb. 01, 1991  Recession's Regional Impact
Jan. 20, 1984  Federal Budget Deficit
Sep. 09, 1977  Federal Reorganization and Budget Reform
Nov. 24, 1972  Limits on Federal Spending
Jan. 08, 1969  Federal Budget Making
Dec. 06, 1967  National Debt Management
Aug. 01, 1962  Fiscal and Budget Policy
Nov. 27, 1957  National Debt Limit
Mar. 20, 1957  Spending Controls
Dec. 24, 1953  Public Debt Limit
Feb. 13, 1952  Tax and Debt Limitation
Nov. 30, 1949  Government Spending
Jan. 06, 1948  Legislative Budget-Making
May 23, 1944  The National Debt
Feb. 01, 1943  The Executive Budget and Appropriations by Congress
Dec. 27, 1939  Revision of the Federal Budget System
Oct. 10, 1938  The Outstanding Government Debt
Nov. 20, 1937  Budget Balancing vs. Pump Priming
May 02, 1936  The Deficit and the Public Debt
Oct. 19, 1934  The Federal Budget and the Public Debt
Feb. 10, 1933  Extraordinary Budgeting of Federal Finances
Dec. 01, 1932  Reduction of Federal Expenditures
Dec. 01, 1930  The National Budget System
Oct. 02, 1930  Federal Revenues and Expenditures
Nov. 02, 1927  The Public Debt and Foreign Loans
Nov. 15, 1926  Rising Cost of Government in the United States
Feb. 05, 1925  Four Years Under the Budget System
Budget Process