Rehabilitation of the Unemployed

March 25, 1933

Report Outline
Problems of Readjustment After the Depression
The Depression and Future Employment Prospects
Federal and State Vocational Education Schools
Projects for Rehabilitation of the Unemployed
Special Focus

Problems of Readjustment After the Depression

As the united states emerges from the depression, employment will be provided in the natural course of events for millions of persons now out of work. At the same time, it is widely predicted that business recovery will not of itself put an end to the problem of unemployment. Technical improvements in methods of production and other industrial changes, hastened by the pressure of hard times for reduction of costs, have destroyed the prospects of many workers for re-employment in their old occupations. In the course of an interview at Warm Springs, February 2, 1933, in which he outlined his plan for development of the Tennessee River watershed, President Roosevelt said:

We now have about 12,000,000 or 13,000,000 wage-earners unemployed, or about 30,000,000 of our population affected directly by unemployment. If we should return immediately to the high level of 1929, I think we still would have about 5,000,000 men out of work on a dole.

If such predictions prove to be correct, the depression will leave in its wake the task of fitting large numbers of displaced workers into jobs in different occupations from those in which they were previously engaged. That task may be complicated by the necessity of providing special treatment for numerous individual cases where the very depth and duration of the depression have caused physical debilitation or weakened morale.

Retraining and readjustment thus loom as important factors in repairing the ravages of the depression and restoring some measure of earning power to those who might otherwise be left as its permanent victims. Various plans for relief of unemployment distress, already put into effect or projected, have been based on recognition of this need. In asking Congress, March 21, 1933, for authority to enlist 250,000 unemployed men in a “civilian conservation corps” to work on forestry, flood-control, and similar projects, President Roosevelt stressed the moral and spiritual value of such work.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
New Deal, Great Depression, and Economic Recovery
Feb. 20, 2009  Public-Works Projects
Jul. 25, 1986  New Deal for the Family
Apr. 04, 1973  Future of Social Programs
Nov. 18, 1944  Postwar Public Works
Apr. 12, 1941  Public Works in the Post-Emergency Period
Mar. 08, 1940  Integration of Utility Systems
Feb. 26, 1938  The Permanent Problem of Relief
Jun. 08, 1937  Experiments in Price Control
Jan. 05, 1937  Credit Policy and Control of Recovery
Nov. 27, 1936  New Deal Aims and the Constitution
Oct. 16, 1936  Father Coughlin vs. the Federal Reserve System
Sep. 25, 1936  Roosevelt Policies in Practice
Feb. 11, 1936  Conditional Grants to the States
Dec. 11, 1935  Capital Goods Industries and Recovery
Sep. 25, 1935  Unemployment Relief Under Roosevelt
Jul. 17, 1935  The R.F.C. Under Hoover and Roosevelt
Jul. 03, 1935  Six Months of the Second New Deal Congress
Jun. 04, 1935  The Supreme Court and the New Deal
Mar. 05, 1935  Public Works and Work Relief
Feb. 16, 1935  Organized Labor and the New Deal
Dec. 04, 1934  Rural Electrification and Power Rates
Oct. 26, 1934  Federal Relief Programs and Policies
Jul. 25, 1934  Distribution of Federal Emergency Expenditures
Jul. 17, 1934  Debt, Credit, and Recovery
May 25, 1934  The New Deal in the Courts
Mar. 27, 1934  Construction and Economic Recovery
Mar. 19, 1934  Price Controls Under N.R.A.
Feb. 15, 1934  Federal Promotion of State Unemployment Insurance
Jan. 10, 1934  Government and Business After the Depression
Jan. 02, 1934  The Adjustment of Municipal Debts
Dec. 12, 1933  The Machine and the Recovery Program
Dec. 05, 1933  Winter Relief, 1933–1934
Nov. 11, 1933  Power Policies of the Roosevelt Administration
Oct. 28, 1933  Buying Power under the Recovery Program
Oct. 19, 1933  Land Settlement for the Unemployed
Sep. 20, 1933  The Capital Market and the Securities Act
Jul. 18, 1933  Public Works and National Recovery
Jul. 01, 1933  The Plan for National Industrial Control
May 03, 1933  Economic Readjustments Essential to Prosperity
Apr. 26, 1933  Government Subsidies to Private Industry
Mar. 25, 1933  Rehabilitation of the Unemployed
Feb. 17, 1933  Federal Cooperation in Unemployment Relief
Nov. 16, 1932  Systems of Unemployment Compensation
Nov. 09, 1932  Policies of the New Administration
Aug. 18, 1932  Emergency Relief Construction and Self-Liquidating Projects
Dec. 28, 1931  Relief of Unemployment
Aug. 01, 1931  National Economic Planning
Jul. 20, 1931  Dividends and Wages in Periods of Depression
Feb. 19, 1931  Insurance Against Unemployment
Jan. 19, 1931  Business Failures and Bankruptcy Administration
Jan. 01, 1931  Federal Subsidies to the States
Dec. 08, 1930  Federal Relief of Economic Distress
Sep. 25, 1930  The Extent of Unemployment
May 16, 1930  Politics and Depressions
Dec. 20, 1929  The Federal Public Works Program
Jun. 08, 1929  The Federal Reserve System and Stock Speculation
Apr. 14, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Price Stabilization
Feb. 25, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Brokers' Loans
Economic Crises
Unemployment and Employment Programs
Vocational and Adult Education