Japan, the United States, and Manchuria

June 20, 1932

Report Outline
Recent Manchurian Policy of the United States
The United States and the Twenty-One Demands
Japanese Concessions at Washington Conference
The Interest of the United States in Manchuria
Factors in Manchurian Policy of United States

Recent Manchurian Policy of the United States

Early Recognition by Japan of the new state of Manchukuo was urged in a resolution framed by the two major parties and unanimously adopted, June 14, by the lower house of the Japanese Diet. Yasuya Uchida, president of the South Manchurian Railway, who is expected to become Foreign Minister in July, strongly favors immediate recognition. Recognition is opposed by the War Office, as likely to limit the authority at present exercised by Japanese military forces in Manchuria, but Uchida is said already to have reached a “complete agreement” on Manchurian policy with Minister of War Ataki. Meanwhile, the League of Nations commission of inquiry, under the chairmanship of Lord Lytton, is formulating its report on the differences of China and Japan in Manchuria, and is believed in Tokio to have reached conclusions unfavorable to Japan.

Nothing has yet come of the Japanese proposal for a conference of the powers at Tokio for settlement of the Shanghai incident. Some indication of American policy has been given, however, by the State Department inquiry whether Manchurian issues would be considered at the proposed conference, a course which the United States favors and to which Japan is strongly opposed.

The tragedy at Shanghai which held the attention of the world during February and March now appears likely to go down in history as a mere episode in the struggle between China and Japan. Most of the Japanese troops have now been withdrawn from Shanghai and transferred to Manchuria, and with them returns the interest and concern of the world to the most vital problem in the Far East today. Manchuria is the thing that really matters to Japan, and the advantages gained there, through the invasion begun last September, will not be surrendered so easily as those gained at Shanghai.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
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Jun. 20, 1932  Japan, the United States, and Manchuria
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