The Monroe Doctrine

January 20, 1927

Report Outline
Origin of the Monroe Doctrine
Early Applications of Monroe Doctrine
The Civil War and the Monroe Doctrine
Venezuelan Incidents of 1395 and 1902
The Monroe Doctrine and the Panama Canal
Monroe Doctrine and Latin American Policies

The principles of the Monroe doctrine were said by President Coolidge in a statement at the White House, January 18, 1927, to have a “distinct place” at the basis of present American policy in Nicaragua. In Senate debate on this policy five days before, it had been asserted by Senator Borah, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, that the Monroe doctrine had no application to the situation existing in Nicaragua and that nothing connected with that situation “would justify an appeal to the Monroe doctrine.” Subsequent debate in both houses disclosed a wide difference of opinion as to whether or not the principles of the Monroe doctrine were involved.

Prior to the landing of American marines in Nicaragua, President Coolidge stated in his special message of January 10, the Government of the United States had received repeated requests from American citizens for protection and similar requests had been made by British and Italian diplomatic officials on behalf of their nationals in Nicaragua, In this situation, it was later explained at the White House, it became the duty of the United States to afford protection to the lives and property of both Americans and foreigners, or, failing in that, to permit armed intervention for the protection of their nationals by foreign powers which would have been inconsistent with the principles of the Monroe doctrine.

Foreign Interference in Nicaragua

President Coolidge, while giving notice in his special message of his intention to follow the path of his predecessors in dealing with the situation in Nicaragua, made no specific mention of the Monroe doctrine as a basis of his policy.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Executive Powers and the Presidency
Feb. 24, 2006  Presidential Power
Nov. 15, 2002  Presidential Power
Feb. 02, 2001  The Bush Presidency
Jun. 20, 1997  Line-Item Veto
Jun. 14, 1996  First Ladies
Oct. 21, 1988  Dangers in Presidential Transitions
Jun. 10, 1988  The Quandary of Being Vice President
Jan. 06, 1984  Presidential Advisory Commissions
Jul. 28, 1978  Presidential Popularity
Feb. 13, 1976  Evaluating Presidential Performance
Dec. 12, 1975  Presidential Protection
Jul. 11, 1973  Presidential Reorganization
Mar. 07, 1973  Presidential Accountability
Sep. 24, 1971  Presidential Diplomacy
Nov. 11, 1970  Vice Presidency
Oct. 02, 1968  Presidential Power
Mar. 14, 1966  War Powers of the President
Nov. 23, 1960  Transfer of Executive Power
Apr. 04, 1956  Vice Presidency
Oct. 15, 1952  Change of Presidents
Jun. 09, 1950  President and Mid-Term Elections
Oct. 20, 1948  Federal Patronage
Mar. 24, 1948  The South and the Presidency
Dec. 05, 1947  Military Leaders and the Presidency
Apr. 16, 1947  Veto Power of the President
Sep. 20, 1945  Succession to the Presidency
Sep. 12, 1940  The War Powers of the President
Feb. 11, 1938  Emergency Powers of the President
Jan. 06, 1938  The Power to Declare War
Dec. 28, 1937  Extension of the Veto Power
Dec. 28, 1936  Limitation of the President's Tenure
Mar. 12, 1935  The President and the Congress
Dec. 16, 1932  The Veto Power of the President
May 28, 1931  Presidential Commissions
Oct. 23, 1928  Presidential Appointments and the Senate
Mar. 21, 1928  Business Conditions in Presidential Years
Jan. 20, 1927  The Monroe Doctrine
Mar. 18, 1925  The President's Power of Appointment
Sep. 10, 1923  The President's Position on Patronage
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean