Relations Between Mexico and the United States

December 27, 1926

Report Outline
Mexican American Relations - 1845–1910
Mexican-American Relations Since 1910
Issues in Present Petroleum Dispute

Since the promulgation by the Mexican Government of the new land and petroleum laws on December 31, 1925, a series of notes have been exchanged between Minister of Foreign Affairs Saenz and Secretary of State Kellogg. In these notes each side has set down and reiterated the fundamental principles for which it stands. The United States insists that the Mexican land and petroleum laws as interpreted by the government under President Calles are confiscatory while Mexico affirms that she has a clear right to make such property laws as she may see fit and that the United States has no reason or right to object to them until some actual specific wrong has been done to American property through the execution of these laws.

The situation is acute in that Mexico has set January 1, 1927, as the last date when foreign oil companies can exchange their present vested property rights for the fifty-year leases provided for under the new la.w. The large oil companies backed up by the American government consider that this amounts to confiscation in the case of property acquired before 1917 and many of them are said to be refusing to make such applications. Under the Mexican law these companies will automatically lose all their rights on January 1, 1927, if they fail to comply with these regulations.

Nicaraguan and Catholic Church Issues

The relationship between the two countries is further complicated by the Mexican attitude towards Nicaragua and by her attitude towards the Roman Catholic Church in Mexico. In neither of these cases, however, has the American Government made any official protest.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Latin America
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Oct. 21, 1970  Chile's Embattled Democracy
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Apr. 02, 1969  Economic Nationalism in Latin America
Jul. 19, 1967  Guerrilla Movements in Latin America
Dec. 28, 1966  Militarism in Latin America
Oct. 20, 1965  Common Market for Latin America
Aug. 04, 1965  Smoldering Colombia
Jun. 23, 1965  Inter-American Peacekeeping
Dec. 11, 1963  Progress of the Alianza
Oct. 05, 1962  Arms Aid to Latin America
Dec. 13, 1961  Land and Tax Reform in Latin America
Jul. 26, 1961  Commodity Agreements for Latin America
Jan. 11, 1961  Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Jan. 13, 1960  Expropriation in Latin America
Jul. 02, 1958  Economic Relations with Latin America
Mar. 02, 1954  Communism in Latin America
Jun. 20, 1952  Political Unrest in Latin America
Sep. 18, 1950  War Aid from Latin America
Oct. 31, 1947  Arming the Americas
Jul. 24, 1946  Inter-American Security
Jan. 02, 1942  Latin America and the War
Jul. 10, 1941  Export Surpluses and Import Needs of South America
Jun. 04, 1941  Economic Defense of Latin America
Jun. 25, 1940  Politics in Mexico
Nov. 01, 1939  Pan American Political Relations
Oct. 10, 1939  United States Trade with Latin America
Apr. 07, 1938  Protection of American Interests in Mexico
Mar. 04, 1936  Peace Machinery in the Americas
Sep. 27, 1933  Trade Relations with Latin America
Oct. 16, 1928  Pan American Arbitration Conference
Jan. 12, 1928  The Sixth Pan American Conference
Jan. 10, 1927  American Policy in Nicaragua
Dec. 27, 1926  Relations Between Mexico and the United States
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean