The Senate and the World Court

December 14, 1925

Report Outline
Establishment of the World Court
Structure of the World Court
Competence of the World Court
Administration Reservations
Relation of the Court to the League
Proposals to Separate Court from League
Reservations on Advisory Opinions

Debate upon ratification of the World Court protocol and adherence by the United States to the Statute establishing the Court is scheduled, under an agreement reached during the special session in March, to begin in the Senate Thursday, December 17. All present indications point to ultimate ratification of the protocol and acceptance of the Statute by the Senate with reservations.

The principal differences of opinion in the Senate relate to the nature of the reservations deemed to be necessary, and whether the purpose to avoid the possibility of entanglement with the affairs of the League of Nations in adhering to the World Court can be accomplished by reservations, or must be made the subject of amendments to the Statute.

A set of four “conditions and understandings” was formulated by Secretary of State Hughes, and recommended by President Harding for inclusion in the resolution of ratification when the original proposal for American adherence to the Statute was submitted February 24, 1923. A fifth reservation, dealing with advisory opinions, was later recommended by President Coolidge.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
World Court
Jun. 17, 1959  World Court and International Law
Jul. 25, 1929  The Kellogg Treaty and the World Court
Dec. 26, 1925  Decisions and Sanctions of the World Court
Dec. 14, 1925  The Senate and the World Court
Jan. 24, 1925  The World Court and the Geneva Protocol
Dec. 31, 1923  The Permanent Court of International Justice
International Law and Agreements