The Locarno Treaties

November 16, 1925

Report Outline
Work of the Locarno Conference
The Rhineland or Security Pact
Arbitration and French Guarantee Treaties
History of Security Pact

The Locarno Conference, which opened October 6 and closed October 16, was notable both for the treaties it adopted and for the spirit of goodwill which overcame difficulties that have wrecked conference after conference in Europe during the past seven years. The conference was attended by representatives of Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy and Poland. The Locarno protocol was signed on behalf of all of these nations, and each will become a party to one or more of the Locarno treaties when they have been ratified.

The era of better feeling between the Allies and Germany, which was inaugurated by the Dawes plan and fostered thereafter by Mr. Mac Donald and M. Herriot, was further strengthened at Locarno by the attitude of Mr. Austen Chamberlain and M. Briand. Germany was treated throughout as an equal and the formal treaties were supplemented by many informal agreements, which were reached in personal conversations between Mr. Chamberlain and Mr. Briand on the one hand and Chancellor Luther and Dr. Stresemann on the other. It is conceded that the adoption of the treaties would not have been possible but for such informal promises as that made by Mr. Chamberlain to do his utmost to have Cologne at least partially evacuated before December 1, the day on which the Locarno treaties are to be formally signed at London.

Ratification of Locarno Treaties

The negotiators at Locarno solved all the major problems to their own satisfaction and the results of the conference have been received with world-wide acclamation, but the treaties still remain to be ratified. While it is improbable that ratification will be defeated in any country, the political situation both in France and Germany is critical.

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