The Mosul Question

October 26, 1925
Entire Report

The fate of that portion of Mesopotamia called. Mosul is one of the important problems left over from the World War which still remain to be solved. The territory is claimed alike by Oreat Britain, on behalf of her mandate, the Kingdom of Iraq, and by Turkey on her own behalf. The failure to come to a decision during the Second Lausanne Conference upon the disposition of Mosul resulted in the submission of the question to the Council of the League of Nations. The Council, in turn, has laid certain fundamental legal questions concerning its powers in the dispute before the Permanent Court of International Justice at The Hague. The World Court began its consideration of these questions October 22 and is expected to hand down its decision in December, when the Council of the League will reconsider the whole Mosul problem on the basis of the Court's findings.

Significance of the Mosul Question

Many factors combine to make the Mosul question a significant one, although the frequently suggested possibility that it will precipitate a war between Great Britain and Turkey appears remote. The prestige of Turkey and Great Britain are involved, but this aspect of the question has also been exaggerated. The fact that Mosul is believed to be rich in undeveloped oil resources is again a popular reason for emphasizing its importance, but the real significance of the Mosul question may be seen in the future to lie in the method of its settlement, rather than in the factors directly involved in the problem itself. Should the League of Nations succeed in finding a solution of the problem, it will have done much more than to decide the fate of a Near Eastern people and to compose a dispute between two leading powers. A successful settlement of the Mosul dispute will mean that the League and the World Court are real factors in the settlement of all those problems which still remain as an aftermath of the war.

Mosul One of a New Chain of Problems

The adoption of the Dawes plan and the conclusion of the Locarno treaties have solved, at least temporarily, the most acute of the problems which made Central Europe the centre of world trouble for seven years after the armistice. The trouble centre now seems to be shifting to somewhere along the line of countries beginning with China in the East and ending with Morocco in the West. Conflict is in progress in China, Syria and Morocco, and the peoples of India, Turkey and Egypt are in a state of unrest, In adjoining countries the Greeks and Bulgarians are on the verge open war. Just as real peace is being concluded between the great powers in Europe for the first time in eleven years, it appears that the world is to be called upon to devote its attention to a whole new ser

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