Strike Emergencies and The President

August 1, 1925

Report Outline
Coolidge Coal Strike Plan
Intervention by the President in Coal Disputes
Intervention in Railway Labor Disputes
Public Pressure for Intervention

The first situation definitely pointing to intervention by president Coolidge in an important laloor dispute arises in connection with the threat of a miners strike upon the expiration of the anthracite wage agreement August 31. A similar situation existed when Coolidge succeeded to the presidency, August 3, 1923, but the necessity for executive action was' avoided on that occasion by the intervention of Governor Pinchct of Pennsylvania, with the approval of the President,

No specific powers for the settlement of labor controversies are conferred upon the President by statute law, but a line of precedents has been established during the last generation which gives him a position of great influence in the presence of any dispute threatening the public welfare. Active intervention by the President has generally been confined in times of peace to suspensions or threatened suspensions in the coal and transportation industries.

Methods Heretofore Employed

A study of the acts of the last six presidents, designed to end or to avert strikes in basic industries, shows that they have generally taken three forms.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Coal Industry
Jun. 17, 2016  Coal Industry's Future
Jun. 24, 2011  Mine Safety
Oct. 05, 2007  Coal's Comeback
Mar. 17, 2006  Coal Mining Safety
Apr. 21, 1978  America's Coal Economy
Oct. 25, 1974  Coal Negotiations
Nov. 19, 1954  Coal in Trouble
Apr. 04, 1952  Coal Supply and European Rearmament
Jan. 22, 1947  Labor Costs and the Future of Coal
Jul. 24, 1935  Stabilization of the Bituminous Coal Industry
Jan. 01, 1929  The Anthracite Coal Situation
Dec. 01, 1928  The Bituminous Coal Situation
Jun. 30, 1927  The Bituminous Coal Strike
Aug. 15, 1925  The Bituminous Coal Problem
Aug. 01, 1925  Strike Emergencies and The President
Jul. 25, 1925  Miners' Wages and the Cost of Anthracite
Government Labor-Management Relations
Powers and History of the Presidency
Unions and Labor-Management Relations