The Child Labor Amendment

November 21, 1924

Report Outline
The Opposing Forces
Present Extent of Child Labor
Regulation of Child Labor by Law
Progress of the Ratification Contest
Child Labor Laws of the States
Supporting and Opposing Organizations

The increasing opposition to the child labor amendment that has developed since its submission to the States by Congress in June makes early ratification of the amendment as a part of the Constitution by three-fourths of the state legislatures extremely doubtful.

Congressional Vote by States

Analysis of the vote on the amendment in Congress shows that in eight state delegations in the House a majority of those voting opposed the amendment. Both Senators from three of these states and from three additional states voted against the amendment. The state delegations by which a majority vote was cast against the amendment in either the Senate or the House, or both, were those of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Utah and Virginia.

The legislatives of three of these States, Georgia, Louisiana and North Carolina, have already rejected the amendment. The votes of the representatives of other states in this group may or may not represent the existing state of public opinion toward the child labor amendment in those states. On the other hand, there are other states, a majority of whose representatives voted for the amendment, but whose legislatures are expected to reject it. In the case of Massachusetts, for example, both Senators voted for the amendment and only three members of the House against, but the amendment was voted down by an overwhelming majority in the recent referendum, advisory to the legislature. The eleven states listed above, with Massachusetts, constitute one-fourth of the whole number.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Child Labor
Aug. 16, 1996  Child Labor and Sweatshops
May 26, 1937  Control of Child Labor
Mar. 03, 1934  The Child Labor Amendment, 1924–1934
Jan. 29, 1925  Status of the Child Labor Amendment
Nov. 21, 1924  The Child Labor Amendment
Child Abuse
Labor Standards and Practices
State, Local, and Intergovernmental Relations