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Restorative Justice

- February 5, 2016
Can it help victims and rehabilitate criminals?
  • Overview
  • Current Situation
  • Chronology
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Featured Report

As calls for criminal justice reform grow louder, some social workers, religious leaders and legal experts want to expand the use of an alternative, nonpunitive system of justice for cases ranging from student conflicts to assaults involving adults. They say that “restorative justice,” through “peace circles,” mediation and other methods, promotes conciliation and remediation by bringing offenders, victims and community members together to determine how best to help victims and rehabilitate offenders. Advocates say restorative justice can potentially reduce repeat offenses, incarceration rates and court costs. But critics, including some prosecutors, deride it as a soft-on-crime approach that won't work for violent crimes such as assault. They also disagree with proponents' claims that restorative justice programs can heal victims or keep career criminals from returning to prison. All sides agree more research is needed to determine whether restorative justice can one day help transform the nation's criminal justice system.

In Communities

U.S. school systems are expanding restorative practices.

On Campuses

Some experts say offering restorative justice on college campuses could help sexual assault victims and offenders.

At the National Level

Federal laws support restorative justice for juveniles and gang members.

1974–1994Restorative justice is defined and modeled.
1995–2012The movement expands worldwide.
2013-PresentGrowing U.S. prison population spurs reform efforts.

Could restorative justice reduce U.S. incarceration rates?


Joan Pennell
Director, Center for Family and Community Engagement, North Carolina State University.


William Wood
Senior Lecturer, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.
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