Zoonotic diseases spread from animals to humans via different methods, including air, water or food. Some pathogens might also be spread by animal bites or by humans touching infected animals, or transmitted by insects.

Source: Ichiko Sugiyama, “Are the risks of zoonotic diseases rising in the Anthropocene due to climate change?” European Geosciences Union, March 16, 2020, https://tinyurl.com/ycptutcn

Information for the graphic is as follows:

Transmission Methods Disease Examples
Vector-borne disease Malaria, Lyme
Airborne/waterborne disease Influenza
Proximity or direct contact to animals Ebola, Rabies
Foodborne disease Salmonella

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