More than half of men who died by suicide in 2017 did so using a firearm, according to the most recent government data. Among female suicide victims, the most common methods were poisoning, firearms and suffocation. Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.

Source: “Suicide,” National Institute of Mental Health, 2017, Fig. 5,

Data for the graphic are as follows:

Method of Death Percentage of Females Percentage of Males
Firearm 31.2% 56.0%
Poisoning 31.4% 9.0%
Suffocation 27.9% 27.7%
Other 9.6% 7.3%

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