Abdulaziz ibn Saud, an Arabian tribal leader, established the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932. Since his death in 1953, six of his sons have ruled the country.

Sources: Pamela Engel, “Here's a who's who of the Saudi royal family,” Business Insider, Feb. 2, 2015, https://tinyurl.com/mq7oc3o; Renee Lightner et. al, “Saudi Arabia's Royal Family,” The Wall Street Journal, Dec. 3, 2017, https://tinyurl.com/y9xsdja8; “King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al Saud Fast Facts,” CNN Library, April 30, 2017, https://tinyurl.com/ybos99lh; “Ibn-Saud,” and “Khalid,” Encyclopaedia Britannica; “A Chronology: The House of Saud,” Frontline, PBS, Aug. 1, 2005, https://tinyurl.com/ya9nkvo2

Data for the graphic are as follows:

King Period of Rule Biographical Highlights
Abdulaziz ibn Saud 1932–1953 Established the kingdom in 1932 and began Saudi Arabia's long oil relationship with the United States in 1933.
Saud 1953–1964 Had little interest in governing and spent most of his reign abusing the kingdom's vast wealth until he was deposed by his family in 1964.
Faisal 1964–1975 Built the modern Saudi state. Assassinated in 1975 by his nephew, Prince Faisal bin Musaed bin Abdelaziz.
Khalid 1975–1982 Reigned during a time of great transition including soaring oil revenues, massive construction and religious uprisings.
Fahd 1982–2005 Ruled during the period of strongest U.S.-Saudi relations, the oil-price collapse in the 1980s, the first Gulf War and the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the United States.
Abdullah 2005–2015 Implemented many reforms: allowed women to run for office and vote in local elections; appointed 30 women to the country's highest consultative body, the Shura Council; Saudi Arabia joined the World Trade Organization during his reign.
Salman 2015- Intervened in the civil war in Yemen; gave women the right to drive; named his son, Mohammad bin Salman, 32, as crown prince.

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