The largest country and fourth-largest economy in the Middle East, predominantly Sunni Saudi Arabia is part of a volatile, oil-rich region wracked by age-old conflict between Sunni and Shiite Muslims.

Sources: World Factbook; World Bank; U.S. Department of State, Worldmeters, International Labor Organization

Data for the graphic are as follows:

Country Predominant Religion
Afghanistan Predominantly Sunni
Bahrain Predominantly Shiite
Egypt Predominantly Sunni
Eritrea Predominantly Sunni
Iran Predominantly Shiite
Iraq Predominantly Shiite
Jordan Predominantly Sunni
Kuwait Predominantly Sunni
Lebanon Mixed Sunni-Shiite
Pakistan Predominantly Sunni
Qatar Predominantly Sunni
Saudi Arabia Predominantly Sunni
Sudan Predominantly Sunni
Syria Predominantly Sunni
United Arab Emirates Predominantly Sunni
Yemen Mixed Sunni-Shiite

Area 830,000 square miles, about one-fifth the size of the U.S.
Population 33.5 million
Labor force 12.3 million, about 80% of whom are immigrants, mostly from India and Pakistan
Unemployment rate 5.8% (male), 19.5% (female)
GDP $1.8 trillion, or $55,300 per capita, with 42 percent of 2017 GDP derived from oil industry; 2017 growth, 0.1%
Exports Oil and oil-related industries account for 90 percent of the kingdom's export earnings.
Religion Muslim (85–90% Sunni), (10–15% Shiite). The government enforces a strict version of Sunni Islam.
Government Theocratic monarchy

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