Global Tourism Controversies

November 9, 2018 – Volume 28, Issue 40
Are destinations at risk from too many visitors? By Barbara Mantel


[1] “Trevi Fountain fight, Rome: Women throw punches over selfies as authorities try to deal with overcrowding,” Traveller, Aug. 15, 2018,

[2] “International Tourism 2017 — Market share by region of tourist arrivals and tourism receipts,” World Tourism Organization (UNWTO),

[3] Will Coldwell, “First Venice and Barcelona: now anti-tourism marches spread across Europe,” The Guardian, Aug. 10, 2017,; Rafat Ali, “The Genesis of Overtourism: Why We Came Up With the Term and What's Happened Since,” Skift, Aug. 14, 2018,

[4] Shannon Jones, “Top 5 Industries in Hawaii: Which Parts of the Economy are the Strongest?” Newsmax, March 3, 2015,

[5] Andrew Sheivachman, “Proposing Solutions to Overtourism in Popular Destinations: A Skift Framework,” Skift, Oct. 23, 2017,

[6] Freya Higgins-Desbiolles, “Sustainable tourism: Sustaining tourism or something more?” Tourism Management Perspectives, January 2018,

[7] John Steinhorst, “Leaders look for solutions to avoid overtourism,” The Garden Island, March 4, 2018,

[8] “UNWTO World Tourism Barometer and Statistical Annex,” UNWTO, October 2018,; “International Tourism 2017 — Market share by region of tourist arrivals and tourism receipts,” op. cit.

[9] Elizabeth Becker, “Tourism takeover: Chinese travelers changing the industry,” Travel Weekly, Aug. 1, 2018,

[10] Ibid.

[11] “Homi Kharas, “The Unprecedented Expansion of the Global Middle Class: An Update,” Brookings Institution, February 2017, p. 2,

[12] “Coping With Success: Managing Overcrowding in Tourism Destinations,” McKinsey & Co., December 2017, p. 15,

[13] Ibid.

[14] “Travel & Tourism: Economic Impact 2018, World,” World Travel & Tourism Council, March 2018, the foreword and p. 1,

[15] Manfred Lenzen et al., “The carbon footprint of global tourism,” Nature Climate Change, June 2018, p. 522,

[16] Lauren McMah, “Tourists will not be banned from Thai beach, officials say,”, Feb. 22, 2018,; “Dubrovnik Set to Lower Daily Tourist Limit in Old Town to 4,000?” Croatia Week, Aug 12, 2017,; “Barcelona approves new tourist accommodation cap,” The Local, Jan. 27, 2017,; and Costas Paris, “A Greek Island Paradise Tries to Be a Little Less Welcoming,” The Wall Street Journal, Sept. 1, 2018,

[17] Katherine LaGrave, “Barcelona Approves New Law to Limit Tourist Numbers,” Condé Nast Traveler, Jan. 27, 2017,

[18] Janine Puhak, “Amsterdam officials crack down on excessive, ‘naughty Disneyland’ style partying,” Fox News, Oct. 17, 2018,; “Detourism: travel Venice like a local,” Office of Sustainable Tourism of the City of Venice,

[19] “Corfu Garbage: Travel Agents, Hoteliers and Local Community Demand Solution Now!” Keep Talking Greece, June 21, 2018,

[20] “How can destinations reduce overcrowding?” World Travel & Tourism Council, Aug. 13, 2018,; “13 ways to Do London like a Londoner,” Visit London Official Visitor Guide,

[21] Gene Sloan, “Sneak peek: Inside Royal Caribbean's Symphony of the Seas, largest cruise ship ever,” USA Today, Feb. 14, 2018,

[22] John Hutchinson, “Barcelona bans large tourist groups from entering city's famous La Boqueria food market … so locals can do their weekly shop,” Daily Mail, April 9, 2015,

[23] “Challenges Facing the Galápagos Islands,” International Galapagos Tour Operators Association,

[24] Courtney Tanner, “One Utah national park is looking into limiting the number of visitors each day and requiring permits for certain trails,” Salt Lake Tribune, June 1, 2018,

[25] “Recreation Visitors by Month,” Zion National Park,; “Annual Park Ranking Report for Recreation Visits in: 2017,” Annual Park Ranking Report,; and “Preliminary Alternative Concepts Newsletter,” Zion National Park, Summer 2017,

[26] Tanner, op. cit.

[27] “National Parks System, Recreation Visits by Year,” National Park Service,; “Quick History of the National Park Service,” National Park Service, May 14, 2018,

[28] Jim Robbins, “How a Surge in Visitors Is Overwhelming America's National Parks,” Yale Environment 360, July 31, 2017,

[29] “National Park Service Comprehensive Survey of the American Public, 2008–2009: Racial and Ethnic Diversity of National Park System Visitors and Non-Visitors,” National Park Service, July 2011, p. 10,

[30] “National Parks Punt on Overcrowding,” Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility, July 14, 2016,

[31] “About Airbnb: Advancing home sharing as a solution,” Airbnb,

[32] “Healthy Travel and Healthy Destinations,” Airbnb, May 29, 2018, pp. 16, 19, 34,; Daniel Guttentag et al., “Why Tourists Choose Airbnb: A Motivation-Based Segmentation Study,” Journal of Travel Research, April 27, 2017, p. 354,

[33] Sadie Whitelocks, “‘We're nearly full!’ Visit Cornwall boss blames Airbnb for gridlocked roads and packed beaches as the number of rental properties spikes to 9,000 — from just SEVENTEEN two years ago,” Daily Mail, Sept. 28, 2018,

[34] Casey Newton, “Airbnb opens up a complaint center for neighbors to report problem guests,” The Verge, May 31, 2016,

[35] “My Neighbors Killed My Airbnb Unit,”,

[36] “Airbnb, New York and Housing,” Airbnb Citizen, May 3, 2018,; “The Impact of Airbnb on NYC Rents,” Office of the New York City Comptroller, May 3, 2018,

[37] Daniel Guttentag, “Regulating Innovation in the Collaborative Economy: An Examination of Airbnb's Early Legal Issues,” Collaborative Economy and Tourism, May 31, 2017, p. 107,

[38] Daniel Guttentag, “What Airbnb really does to a neighborhood,” BBC, Aug. 30, 2018,

[39] Dara Kerr, “Airbnb purges thousands of San Francisco listings overnight,” CNET, Jan. 18, 2018,

[40] Maxine Feifer, Tourism in History: From Imperial Rome to the Present (1985), pp. 8–10, 15.

[41] Ibid., pp. 27–28.

[42] “Crusades,” The History Channel,; ibid., pp. 28–29.

[43] Feifer, ibid., pp. 29–31, 41, 64–65, 68–69.

[44] Eric G.E. Zuelow, A History of Modern Tourism (2016), pp. 9, 21, 25–26.

[45] Ibid., pp. 50–51.

[46] “The Pullman Company,” Pullman Museum,

[47] Zuelow, op. cit., pp. 55–59.

[48] “Thomas Cook History,” Thomas Cook,

[49] Ethan Carr, “Olmsted and Scenic Preservation,” PBS,

[50] Barbara Mantel, “Managing Western Lands,” CQ Researcher, April 22, 2016, pp. 361–84.

[51] Zuelow, op. cit., p. 109.

[52] “A Brief History of AAA,” AAA,

[53] Zuelow, op. cit., pp. 115, 121, 123–24.

[54] Amy Harris, “The History of Airline Industry,” USA Today,

[55] Feifer, op. cit., p. 221.

[56] “Disneyland opens,” The History Channel, Aug. 21, 2018,

[57] Zuelow, op. cit., pp. 168, 170, 171.

[58] Erin Blakemore, “A Black American's Guide to Travel in the Jim Crow Era,”, Nov. 3, 2015,

[59] Feifer, op. cit., p. 223.

[60] Bonnie Gringer, “Average Gas Prices in the U.S. Through History,” TitleMax,

[61] Zuelow, op. cit., p. 159.

[62] Madhu Unnikrishnan, “A Law That Changed the Airline Industry Beyond Recognition (1978),” Aviation Week, June 4, 2015,; Derek Thompson, “How Airline Ticket Prices Fell 50% in 30 Years (and Why Nobody Noticed),” The Atlantic, Feb. 28, 2013,

[63] “History of Budget Carriers,” Eurocheapo,

[64] “Hotel Workers Reach Settlements With Marriott in Oakland, Detroit; Marriott Strikes Continue in 6 Other Cities,” Marriott Travel Alert, Nov. 4, 2018,

[65] “Marriott Strike Escalates With Largest Yet Actions in National Day of Mass Action,” Unite Here, Oct. 19, 2018,

[66] “Hotel Workers Reach Settlements With Marriott in Oakland, Detroit; Marriott Strikes Continue in 6 Other Cities,” op. cit.

[67] “May 2017 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: NAICS 721100 — Traveler Accommodation,” U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, March 30, 2018,

[68] Ting, op. cit.

[69] “The Westin Boston Waterfront,” Trip Advisor,

[70] Nancy Trejos, “Marriott workers on strike in eight US cities,” USA Today, Oct. 8, 2018,

[71] Marcia Argust, “Restore America's Parks,” Pew Charitable Trusts,

[72] “Bishop, Grijalva Introduce Bill to Establish a Fund Addressing National Park Maintenance Backlog,” House Committee on Natural Resources, July 25, 2018,

[73] Kellie Lunney, “Rare bipartisan cheer for rollout of ‘fix our parks’ bill,” E&E News, July 25, 2018,

[74] Marcia Argust and Tom Wathen, “Restoring our national parks would be a bipartisan win for Congress,” The Hill, Sept. 5, 2018,

[75] S.3172: Restore Our Parks Act, GovTrack,; S.3172 — Restore Our Parks Act,,; H.R.6510 — Restore Our Parks and Public Lands Act,

[76] Lena Reimann et al., “Mediterranean UNESCO World Heritage at risk from coastal flooding and erosion due to sea-level rise,” Nature Communications, Oct. 16, 2018,

[77] Chris Mooney and Brady Dennis, “The latest thing climate change is threatening is our history,” The Washington Post, Oct. 16, 2018,

[78] “FAQ — Climate Change and Tourism,” World Tourism Organization,

[79] Lenzen et al., op. cit.

[80] Ibid., p. 526.

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Document APA Citation
Mantel, B. (2018, November 9). Global tourism controversies. CQ researcher, 28, 945-968. Retrieved from
Document ID: cqresrre2018110908
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ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Tourism and Vacation
Nov. 09, 2018  Global Tourism Controversies
Oct. 20, 2006  Ecotourism
Jun. 17, 1988  America's ‘Vacation Gap’
May 04, 1984  Tourism's Economic Impact
Jul. 21, 1978  Tourism Boom
May 14, 1969  Summer Camps and Student Travel
May 18, 1966  Tourist Dollar Gap
Apr. 19, 1961  Two-Way Tourism
Jul. 20, 1955  Competition for Passenger Travel
Jul. 03, 1946  Travel Boom
Jun. 17, 1930  Foreign and Domestic Tourist Traffic
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