CiteNow!

North Korea Showdown

May 19, 2017 • Volume 27, Issue 19
Can a military confrontation be averted?
By David Hosansky

Footnotes

[1] Choe Sang-Hun, “North Korea launches a missile, its first test after an election in the South,” The New York Times, May 13, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kc2bvg3.

Footnote:
1. Choe Sang-Hun, “North Korea launches a missile, its first test after an election in the South,” The New York Times, May 13, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kc2bvg3.

[2] Stephen J. Adler, Steve Holland and Jeff Mason, “Exclusive: Trump says ‘major, major’ conflict with North Korea possible, but seeks diplomacy,” Reuters, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mmtw3sn.

Footnote:
2. Stephen J. Adler, Steve Holland and Jeff Mason, “Exclusive: Trump says ‘major, major’ conflict with North Korea possible, but seeks diplomacy,” Reuters, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mmtw3sn.

[3] Gerry Mullany, Chris Buckley and David E. Sanger, “China warns of ‘storm clouds gathering’ in U.S.-North Korea standoff,” The New York Times, April 14, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lbqbf8j.

Footnote:
3. Gerry Mullany, Chris Buckley and David E. Sanger, “China warns of ‘storm clouds gathering’ in U.S.-North Korea standoff,” The New York Times, April 14, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lbqbf8j.

[4] Ibid.

Footnote:
4. Ibid.

[5] “Report of the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea,” U.N. Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Feb. 17, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/nxl2d3e.

Footnote:
5. “Report of the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea,” U.N. Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Feb. 17, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/nxl2d3e.

[6] Peter Grier, Jack Detsch and Francine Kiefer, “U.S. missile defense: Getting to ‘ready’ on North Korea threat,” The Christian Science Monitor, May 3, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/ms7z6kq.

Footnote:
6. Peter Grier, Jack Detsch and Francine Kiefer, “U.S. missile defense: Getting to ‘ready’ on North Korea threat,” The Christian Science Monitor, May 3, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/ms7z6kq.

[7] Katie Hunt, K. J. Kwon and Jason Hanna, “North Korea claims successful test of nuclear warhead,” CNN, Sept. 10, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/gpnc89e.

Footnote:
7. Katie Hunt, K. J. Kwon and Jason Hanna, “North Korea claims successful test of nuclear warhead,” CNN, Sept. 10, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/gpnc89e.

[8] Elizabeth McLaughlin and Luis Martinez, “A look at every North Korean missile test this year,” ABC News, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/ny2aydd.

Footnote:
8. Elizabeth McLaughlin and Luis Martinez, “A look at every North Korean missile test this year,” ABC News, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/ny2aydd.

[9] Russell Goldman, “DNA confirms assassination victim was half-brother of Kim Jong-un, Malaysia says,” The New York Times, March 15, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/l7nk34h.

Footnote:
9. Russell Goldman, “DNA confirms assassination victim was half-brother of Kim Jong-un, Malaysia says,” The New York Times, March 15, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/l7nk34h.

[10] “South Korea,” The World Fact Book, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ks.html.

Footnote:
10. “South Korea,” The World Fact Book, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ks.html.

[11] See Niall McCarthy, “How North and South Korea's armed forces compare (infographic),” Forbes, April 11, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lwmm5xp.

Footnote:
11. See Niall McCarthy, “How North and South Korea's armed forces compare (infographic),” Forbes, April 11, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lwmm5xp.

[12] Troop estimates are summarized in Greg Price, “U.S. military presence in Asia: troops stationed in Japan, South Korea and beyond,” Newsweek, April 26, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mt7ygf5. China's objections to the THAAD antimissile system are covered in “China presses South Korea on Thaad missile system,” BBC News, May 11, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/muorzqc.

Footnote:
12. Troop estimates are summarized in Greg Price, “U.S. military presence in Asia: troops stationed in Japan, South Korea and beyond,” Newsweek, April 26, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mt7ygf5. China's objections to the THAAD antimissile system are covered in “China presses South Korea on Thaad missile system,” BBC News, May 11, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/muorzqc.

[13] Choe Sang-Hun, David E. Sanger and William J. Broad, “North Korean missile launch fails, and a show of strength fizzles,” The New York Times, April 15, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mrnyxas.

Footnote:
13. Choe Sang-Hun, David E. Sanger and William J. Broad, “North Korean missile launch fails, and a show of strength fizzles,” The New York Times, April 15, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mrnyxas.

[14] Zeke J. Miller, “U.S. sanctions North Korea over Sony hack,” Time, Jan. 2, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/lgae9h8. Melanie Eversley, “Ransomware hack linked to North Korea, researchers say,” USA Today, May 15, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lgmtr75.

Footnote:
14. Zeke J. Miller, “U.S. sanctions North Korea over Sony hack,” Time, Jan. 2, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/lgae9h8. Melanie Eversley, “Ransomware hack linked to North Korea, researchers say,” USA Today, May 15, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lgmtr75.

[15] Robert Delaney, “Tillerson calls for all countries to downgrade ties with North Korea to pressure country,” South China Morning Post, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jvzprbs.

Footnote:
15. Robert Delaney, “Tillerson calls for all countries to downgrade ties with North Korea to pressure country,” South China Morning Post, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jvzprbs.

[16] “North Korea threat: Pyongyang directly criticizes China in rare move,” Fox News, May 4, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lee9c9g.

Footnote:
16. “North Korea threat: Pyongyang directly criticizes China in rare move,” Fox News, May 4, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lee9c9g.

[17] “Report of the Panel of Experts established pursuant to resolution 1874 (2009),” U.N. Security Council, Feb. 27, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kaurzbb.

Footnote:
17. “Report of the Panel of Experts established pursuant to resolution 1874 (2009),” U.N. Security Council, Feb. 27, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kaurzbb.

[18] Anna Fifield and Anne Gearan, “Tillerson says diplomacy with North Korea has ‘failed’; Pyongyang warns of war,” The Washington Post, March 16, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kd63h7t.

Footnote:
18. Anna Fifield and Anne Gearan, “Tillerson says diplomacy with North Korea has ‘failed’; Pyongyang warns of war,” The Washington Post, March 16, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kd63h7t.

[19] Jenny Lee, “Sanctions against North Korea: How strong should they be?” Voice of America, Feb. 9, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mqao2kn.

Footnote:
19. Jenny Lee, “Sanctions against North Korea: How strong should they be?” Voice of America, Feb. 9, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mqao2kn.

[20] Testimony by Bruce Klingner, “Sisyphean diplomacy: The dangers of premature negotiations with North Korea,” House Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, Committee on Foreign Affairs, March 21, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mte2evf.

Footnote:
20. Testimony by Bruce Klingner, “Sisyphean diplomacy: The dangers of premature negotiations with North Korea,” House Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, Committee on Foreign Affairs, March 21, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mte2evf.

[21] Ibid.

Footnote:
21. Ibid.

[22] Ellen Mitchell, “Graham: There are ‘no good choices left’ with North Korea,” The Hill, April 25, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/l5d46yd.

Footnote:
22. Ellen Mitchell, “Graham: There are ‘no good choices left’ with North Korea,” The Hill, April 25, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/l5d46yd.

[23] McCarthy, op. cit.

Footnote:
23. McCarthy, op. cit.

[24] Kim Chul-soo, “Number of U.S. citizens living in South Korea rises 30 percent in 10 years,” The Korea Times, July 2, 2015; and Ryan Browne, “Top general: Cheaper to keep troops in South Korea than U.S.,” CNN, April 21, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/lo6wo4g.

Footnote:
24. Kim Chul-soo, “Number of U.S. citizens living in South Korea rises 30 percent in 10 years,” The Korea Times, July 2, 2015; and Ryan Browne, “Top general: Cheaper to keep troops in South Korea than U.S.,” CNN, April 21, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/lo6wo4g.

[25] Yoko Wakatsuki and James Griffiths, “North Korea may be able to arm missiles with sarin, Japan PM says,” CNN, April 13, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/maxqjwz.

Footnote:
25. Yoko Wakatsuki and James Griffiths, “North Korea may be able to arm missiles with sarin, Japan PM says,” CNN, April 13, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/maxqjwz.

[26] John M. Donnelly, “Analysis: U.S. Military Options in North Korea — From Bad to Worse,” Roll Call, April 25, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lj2mfa6.

Footnote:
26. John M. Donnelly, “Analysis: U.S. Military Options in North Korea — From Bad to Worse,” Roll Call, April 25, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lj2mfa6.

[27] Ibid.

Footnote:
27. Ibid.

[28] Anna Fifield, “Twenty-five million reasons the U.S. hasn't struck North Korea,” The Washington Post, April 21, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/maxmqmp.

Footnote:
28. Anna Fifield, “Twenty-five million reasons the U.S. hasn't struck North Korea,” The Washington Post, April 21, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/maxmqmp.

[29] Philip Rucker, “Kasich: Trump should ‘eradicate’ North Korean leadership,” The Washington Post, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/k5j5cv3.

Footnote:
29. Philip Rucker, “Kasich: Trump should ‘eradicate’ North Korean leadership,” The Washington Post, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/k5j5cv3.

[30] Choe Sang-Hun, “In hail of bullets and fire, North Korea killed official who wanted reform,” The New York Times, March 12, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/kykaxok.

Footnote:
30. Choe Sang-Hun, “In hail of bullets and fire, North Korea killed official who wanted reform,” The New York Times, March 12, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/kykaxok.

[31] K. J. Kwon and Ben Westcott, “Kim Jong Un has executed over 300 people since coming to power,” CNN, Dec. 29, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/lazvyc2.

Footnote:
31. K. J. Kwon and Ben Westcott, “Kim Jong Un has executed over 300 people since coming to power,” CNN, Dec. 29, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/lazvyc2.

[32] Mark Hanrahan, “North Korean defector says elite turning their backs on Kim Jong Un,” NBC News, Jan. 27, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/gubftg2.

Footnote:
32. Mark Hanrahan, “North Korean defector says elite turning their backs on Kim Jong Un,” NBC News, Jan. 27, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/gubftg2.

[33] “Report of the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea,” op. cit.

Footnote:
33. “Report of the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea,” op. cit.

[34] Ibid. See the press release accompanying the report, which is at http://tinyurl.com/peobg3f.

Footnote:
34. Ibid. See the press release accompanying the report, which is at http://tinyurl.com/peobg3f.

[35] Joshua Stanton and Sung-Yoon Lee, “Pyongyang's Hunger Games,” The New York Times, March 7, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/lmkckq6; and Katie McKenna, “North Korea, South Korea: Economic Snapshot,” Fox Business, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/n4j2zfe.

Footnote:
35. Joshua Stanton and Sung-Yoon Lee, “Pyongyang's Hunger Games,” The New York Times, March 7, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/lmkckq6; and Katie McKenna, “North Korea, South Korea: Economic Snapshot,” Fox Business, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/n4j2zfe.

[36] For background, see Robert Kiener, “North Korean Menace,” CQ Researcher, July 5, 2011, pp. 315–340.

Footnote:
36. For background, see Robert Kiener, “North Korean Menace,” CQ Researcher, July 5, 2011, pp. 315–340.

[37] Kim Young-Sik, “The Early US-Korea Relations,” Association for Asian Research, July 25, 2003, http://tinyurl.com/ms8czat.

Footnote:
37. Kim Young-Sik, “The Early US-Korea Relations,” Association for Asian Research, July 25, 2003, http://tinyurl.com/ms8czat.

[38] Mary H. Cooper, “North Korean Crisis,” CQ Researcher, April 11, 2003, pp. 321–344, http://tinyurl.com/d5wyr7.

[39] See “Republic of Korea,” World Bank, April 14, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/nuj33xk.

Footnote:
39. See “Republic of Korea,” World Bank, April 14, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/nuj33xk.

[40] Stanton and Lee, op. cit.

Footnote:
40. Stanton and Lee, op. cit.

[41] Ray Locker, “Book reveals new details of N. Korea capture of Pueblo,” USA Today, Jan. 1, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/mfw6ln8.

Footnote:
41. Ray Locker, “Book reveals new details of N. Korea capture of Pueblo,” USA Today, Jan. 1, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/mfw6ln8.

[42] William Chapman, “North Korean leader's son blamed for Rangoon bombing,” The Washington Post, Dec. 3, 1983, http://tinyurl.com/lslwjt9.

Footnote:
42. William Chapman, “North Korean leader's son blamed for Rangoon bombing,” The Washington Post, Dec. 3, 1983, http://tinyurl.com/lslwjt9.

[43] “Kim Jong-Un's chances of success ‘less than 10 percent,’” Chosunilbo, Oct. 16, 2010, http://tinyurl.com/kwczsc5.

Footnote:
43. “Kim Jong-Un's chances of success ‘less than 10 percent,’” Chosunilbo, Oct. 16, 2010, http://tinyurl.com/kwczsc5.

[44] Terrence McCoy, “North Korean official reportedly executed with a flamethrower,” The Washington Post, April 8, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/n6j5knv.

Footnote:
44. Terrence McCoy, “North Korean official reportedly executed with a flamethrower,” The Washington Post, April 8, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/n6j5knv.

[45] Brian Knowlton and David E. Sanger, “N. Korea's first nuclear test draws condemnation,” The New York Times, Oct. 9, 2006, http://tinyurl.com/lkz2kb3.

Footnote:
45. Brian Knowlton and David E. Sanger, “N. Korea's first nuclear test draws condemnation,” The New York Times, Oct. 9, 2006, http://tinyurl.com/lkz2kb3.

[46] David E. Sanger, “North Koreans unveil new plant for nuclear use,” The New York Times, Nov. 21, 2010, http://tinyurl.com/mbb7rhx.

Footnote:
46. David E. Sanger, “North Koreans unveil new plant for nuclear use,” The New York Times, Nov. 21, 2010, http://tinyurl.com/mbb7rhx.

[47] Kelsey Davenport, “The US-North Korean Agreed Framework at a Glance,” The Arms Control Association, Aug. 17, 2004, http://tinyurl.com/zcqnwo4.

Footnote:
47. Kelsey Davenport, “The US-North Korean Agreed Framework at a Glance,” The Arms Control Association, Aug. 17, 2004, http://tinyurl.com/zcqnwo4.

[48] Mary Beth Nikitin, “North Korea's Nuclear Weapons: Technical Issues,” Congressional Research Service, Jan. 20, 2011, http://tinyurl.com/ke6lfg3.

Footnote:
48. Mary Beth Nikitin, “North Korea's Nuclear Weapons: Technical Issues,” Congressional Research Service, Jan. 20, 2011, http://tinyurl.com/ke6lfg3.

[49] Rupert Wingfield-Hayes, “The North Korean spy who blew up a plane,” BBC News, April 22, 2013, http://tinyurl.com/k4svfbz.

Footnote:
49. Rupert Wingfield-Hayes, “The North Korean spy who blew up a plane,” BBC News, April 22, 2013, http://tinyurl.com/k4svfbz.

[50] Simon Jeffery, “Expelled UN inspectors leave N. Korea,” The Guardian, Dec. 31, 2002, http://tinyurl.com/loc2gmu.

Footnote:
50. Simon Jeffery, “Expelled UN inspectors leave N. Korea,” The Guardian, Dec. 31, 2002, http://tinyurl.com/loc2gmu.

[51] Louis Charbonneau, “North Korea, Iran trade missile technology: U.N.,” Reuters, May 15, 2011, http://tinyurl.com/lhzg887.

Footnote:
51. Louis Charbonneau, “North Korea, Iran trade missile technology: U.N.,” Reuters, May 15, 2011, http://tinyurl.com/lhzg887.

[52] “North Korea nuclear timeline fast facts,” CNN, April 6, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/z75fcsz.

Footnote:
52. “North Korea nuclear timeline fast facts,” CNN, April 6, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/z75fcsz.

[53] Katie Hunt, K. J. Kwon, and Jason Hanna, “North Korea claims successful test of nuclear warhead,” CNN, Sept. 10, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/gpnc89e.

Footnote:
53. Katie Hunt, K. J. Kwon, and Jason Hanna, “North Korea claims successful test of nuclear warhead,” CNN, Sept. 10, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/gpnc89e.

[54] Susan Jones, “Trump: North Korean leader ‘a pretty smart cookie,’” CBS News, May 1, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/msf4y9g.

Footnote:
54. Susan Jones, “Trump: North Korean leader ‘a pretty smart cookie,’” CBS News, May 1, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/msf4y9g.

[55] Margaret Besheer, “Tillerson urges UN Security Council to take action before N. Korea does,” Voice of America, April 29, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kcz5cxs.

Footnote:
55. Margaret Besheer, “Tillerson urges UN Security Council to take action before N. Korea does,” Voice of America, April 29, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kcz5cxs.

[56] Michael Crowley, “North Korea defies Trump,” Politico, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kx2yybs.

Footnote:
56. Michael Crowley, “North Korea defies Trump,” Politico, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kx2yybs.

[57] Audie Cornish, “The White House briefs the Senate on North Korea,” NPR, April 26, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mwh2hzj.

Footnote:
57. Audie Cornish, “The White House briefs the Senate on North Korea,” NPR, April 26, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mwh2hzj.

[58] Crowley, op. cit.

Footnote:
58. Crowley, op. cit.

[59] Mark Landler and Eric Schmitt, “Aircraft carrier wasn't sailing to deter North Korea, as U.S. suggested,” The New York Times, April 18, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kkenv4v.

Footnote:
59. Mark Landler and Eric Schmitt, “Aircraft carrier wasn't sailing to deter North Korea, as U.S. suggested,” The New York Times, April 18, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kkenv4v.

[60] Michelle Ye Hee Lee, “Trump's claim that Korea ‘actually used to be a part of China,’” The Washington Post, April 19, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mos6zvu. Also see Choe Sang-Hun, “Trump rattles South Korea by saying it should pay for antimissile system,” The New York Times, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/m9s8xws.

Footnote:
60. Michelle Ye Hee Lee, “Trump's claim that Korea ‘actually used to be a part of China,’” The Washington Post, April 19, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mos6zvu. Also see Choe Sang-Hun, “Trump rattles South Korea by saying it should pay for antimissile system,” The New York Times, April 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/m9s8xws.

[61] Ashley Parker and Anne Gearan, “President Trump says he would be ‘honored’ to meet with North Korean dictator,” The Washington Post, May 1, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/nxb8p3p.

Footnote:
61. Ashley Parker and Anne Gearan, “President Trump says he would be ‘honored’ to meet with North Korean dictator,” The Washington Post, May 1, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/nxb8p3p.

[62] Doug Stanglin, “North Korea threatens ‘super-mighty’ strike on U.S.,” USA Today, April 20, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kndfrxt.

Footnote:
62. Doug Stanglin, “North Korea threatens ‘super-mighty’ strike on U.S.,” USA Today, April 20, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/kndfrxt.

[63] Choe Sang-Hun, “North Korea accuses South and U.S. of plotting to kill Kim Jong-un,” The New York Times, May 5, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/n5cxqdg.

Footnote:
63. Choe Sang-Hun, “North Korea accuses South and U.S. of plotting to kill Kim Jong-un,” The New York Times, May 5, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/n5cxqdg.

[64] Taehoon Lee, “North Korea detains fourth US citizen,” CNN, May 8, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/m4x2lrj.

Footnote:
64. Taehoon Lee, “North Korea detains fourth US citizen,” CNN, May 8, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/m4x2lrj.

[65] Choe Sang-Hun, “South Korea elects Moon Jae-in, who backs talks with North, as president,” The New York Times, May 9, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lw7l86x.

Footnote:
65. Choe Sang-Hun, “South Korea elects Moon Jae-in, who backs talks with North, as president,” The New York Times, May 9, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lw7l86x.

[66] Choe Sang-Hun and Richard C. Paddock, “Kim Jong-nam killing was ‘terrorist act’ by North Korea, South says,” The New York Times, Feb. 20, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/ke4wp2u.

Footnote:
66. Choe Sang-Hun and Richard C. Paddock, “Kim Jong-nam killing was ‘terrorist act’ by North Korea, South says,” The New York Times, Feb. 20, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/ke4wp2u.

[67] Simon Denyer, “In China, a sense of betrayal after the assassination of Kim Jong Nam,” The Washington Post, Feb. 17, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mdc3e9m.

Footnote:
67. Simon Denyer, “In China, a sense of betrayal after the assassination of Kim Jong Nam,” The Washington Post, Feb. 17, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/mdc3e9m.

[68] Hyung-Jin Kim and Kim Tong-Hyung, “North Korea's chemical weapons,” Real Clear Defense, Feb. 25, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jr7oxrf.

Footnote:
68. Hyung-Jin Kim and Kim Tong-Hyung, “North Korea's chemical weapons,” Real Clear Defense, Feb. 25, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jr7oxrf.

[69] Mark Bowden, “Understanding Kim Jong Un, the world's most enigmatic and unpredictable dictator,” Vanity Fair, Feb. 12, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/q4qczez.

Footnote:
69. Mark Bowden, “Understanding Kim Jong Un, the world's most enigmatic and unpredictable dictator,” Vanity Fair, Feb. 12, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/q4qczez.

[70] “In North Korea's capital, more abundance than expected in everyday life,” NPR, May 5, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lryqn6n.

Footnote:
70. “In North Korea's capital, more abundance than expected in everyday life,” NPR, May 5, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/lryqn6n.

[71] Sue-Lin Wang and James Pearson, “Made in North Korea: As tougher sanctions loom, more local goods in stores,” Reuters, May 8, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/k96ghk7.

Footnote:
71. Sue-Lin Wang and James Pearson, “Made in North Korea: As tougher sanctions loom, more local goods in stores,” Reuters, May 8, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/k96ghk7.

[72] Fifield and Gearan, op. cit.

Footnote:
72. Fifield and Gearan, op. cit.

Go to top
Go to About the Author



Document APA Citation — See Alternate Citation Style
Hosansky, D. (2017, May 19). North Korea showdown. CQ researcher, 27, 433-456. Retrieved from http://library.cqpress.com/
Document ID: cqresrre2017051908
Document URL: http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2017051908
ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Korea
May 19, 2017  North Korea Showdown
Jul. 05, 2011  North Korean Menace
Apr. 11, 2003  North Korean Crisis
May 19, 2000  Future of Korea
Aug. 12, 1977  Relations with South Korea
Apr. 24, 1968  Divided Korea
Jan. 27, 1960  Korea: Problem Protectorate
Aug. 24, 1951  Rehabilitation of Korea
Nov. 01, 1945  Freedom for Korea
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Alliances and Security Agreements
Arms Control and Disarmament
Conflicts in Asia
Diplomacy and Diplomats
Export Sanctions and Restrictions
Party Politics
Regional Political Affairs: East Asia and the Pacific
U.S. at War: Korea
War and Conflict
READER COMMENTS
(0)
No comments on this report yet.
Comment on this Report
 
FEEDBACKClose

Suggest a topic here.

Type the characters you see below into the box

Take our survey to help us improve CQ Researcher!

Feedback survey