Balko, Radley , Rise of the Warrior Cop: The Militarization of America's Police Forces , PublicAffairs, 2013. An investigative journalist examines the militarization of U.S. police agencies' growing reliance on technology.
Friedman, Barry , Unwarranted: Policing Without Permission , Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2017. A New York University law professor describes how the public can regain control over policing.
Parenti, Christian , The Soft Cage: Surveillance in America From Slavery to the War on Terror , Basic Books, 2004. A sociologist traces the long history of police and corporate surveillance of Americans.
Beebe, Drew , “Since January, police have been testing an aerial surveillance system adapted from the surge in Iraq. And they neglected to tell the public,” Bloomberg Businessweek, Aug. 23, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/ln4aoys. Baltimore police secretly tested aerial surveillance cameras after riots broke out in the Freddie Gray case.
Chammah, Maurice , “Policing the Future,” The Marshall Project, Feb. 3, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hyf3ocd. A journalist rides along with a police officer who is using software that forecasts crime hot spots.
Hurowitz, Noah , “NYPD Blasts Surveillance Transparency Bill as a Boon to ‘Terrorists,’” DNAinfo, March 2, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/l7vluna. The New York City Police Department says a City Council bill to provide oversight of surveillance technology would play into the hands of terrorists.
Long, Colleen , “NYPD plans 23,000 body cams. Number on streets now: 0,” The Associated Press, Feb. 11, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/ktvbedp. New York City police plan to put a body camera on every patrol officer by 2019.
Timberg, Craig, and Elizabeth Dwoskin , “Facebook, Twitter and Instagram sent feeds that helped police track minorities in Ferguson and Baltimore, report says,” The Washington Post, Oct. 11, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/l7hjqto. Police reportedly have used social media-monitoring software to track minorities and activists.
Reports and Studies
“Implementing a Body-Worn Camera Program: Recommendations and Lessons Learned,” Police Executive Research Forum, U.S. Department of Justice, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/lxdg7ej. A police research organization compiles best practices on police use of body cameras.
Ariel, Barak, et al., “Report: increases in police use of force in the presence of body-worn cameras are driven by officer discretion: a protocol-based subgroup analysis of ten randomized experiments,” Journal of Experimental Criminology, May 17, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/m2euptl. British researchers conclude that use of force increases when police are given more discretion over body camera use.
Garvie, Clare, et al., “The Perpetual Line-Up: Unregulated Police Face Recognition in America,” Center on Privacy & Technology at Georgetown Law, Oct. 18, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/mp2o2r9. Researchers find that a quarter of police departments use facial-recognition technology and urge Congress to regulate it.
Hunt, Priscilla, et al., “Evaluation of the Shreveport Predictive Policing Experiment,” RAND Corp., 2014, http://tinyurl.com/zm5xtf4. RAND researchers tested predictive policing software in Louisiana and say it comes up short.
Joh, Elizabeth , “The Undue Influence of Surveillance Technology Companies on Policing,” New York University Law Review, forthcoming, http://tinyurl.com/kkrgzjn. A University of California, Davis, law professor argues that vendors of surveillance technology exert too much control over policing.
Levinson-Waldman, Rachel , “Hiding in Plain Sight: A Fourth Amendment Framework for Analyzing Government Surveillance in Public,” Emory Law Journal, March 2017, p. p. 528, http://tinyurl.com/kuxb2tj. A civil liberties advocate proposes a framework for protecting privacy rights in an era of public surveillance.
Lum, Cynthia, et al., “Existing and Ongoing Body Worn Camera Research: Knowledge Gaps and Opportunities,” George Mason University, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/kxny5ge. George Mason University researchers review body camera studies and conclude more research is needed.
Ozer, Nicole , “Police use of social media surveillance software is escalating, and activists are in the digital crosshairs,” ACLU of Northern CA, Sept. 22, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/n5z4p7t. The ACLU of Northern California finds that some California police departments are using social media monitoring software without oversight from elected officials.
Document APA Citation — See Alternate Citation Style
Mantel, B. (2017, April 21). High-tech policing. CQ researcher, 27, 337-360. Retrieved from http://library.cqpress.com/
Document ID: cqresrre2017042109
Document URL: http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2017042109