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‘Alt-Right’ Movement

March 17, 2017 • Volume 27, Issue 11
Do its white-nationalist views have wide support?
By Marcia Clemmitt

Footnotes

[1] Alice Ollstein, “CPAC Boots White Nationalist Richard Spencer After He Crashes The Party,” Talking Points Memo, Feb. 23, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jrlfgb2.

Footnote:
1. Alice Ollstein, “CPAC Boots White Nationalist Richard Spencer After He Crashes The Party,” Talking Points Memo, Feb. 23, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jrlfgb2.

[2] Quoted in Michelle Goldberg, “Alt-Right Facts,” Slate, Feb. 23, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jylf6l4.

Footnote:
2. Quoted in Michelle Goldberg, “Alt-Right Facts,” Slate, Feb. 23, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jylf6l4.

[3] Ollstein, op. cit.

Footnote:
3. Ollstein, op. cit.

[4] “The Alt-Right: NOT Right — NOT Conservative,” Tea Party Nation, http://tinyurl.com/jo92yg8.

Footnote:
4. “The Alt-Right: NOT Right — NOT Conservative,” Tea Party Nation, http://tinyurl.com/jo92yg8.

[5] For background, see Reed Karaim, “Immigrant Detention,” CQ Researcher, Oct. 23, 2015, pp. 889–912.

Footnote:
5. For background, see Reed Karaim, “Immigrant Detention,” CQ Researcher, Oct. 23, 2015, pp. 889–912.

[6] For background, see Matthew N. Lyons, “Calling them ‘alt-right’ helps us fight them,' threewayfight, Nov. 22, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zh9s6wy; Christopher Caldwell, “What the Alt-Right Really Means,” The New York Times, Dec. 2, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/jne5xtd.

Footnote:
6. For background, see Matthew N. Lyons, “Calling them ‘alt-right’ helps us fight them,' threewayfight, Nov. 22, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zh9s6wy; Christopher Caldwell, “What the Alt-Right Really Means,” The New York Times, Dec. 2, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/jne5xtd.

[7] Quoted in “A frank conversation with a white nationalist,” Reveal, Center for Investigative Reporting, Nov. 10, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zbkko6c.

Footnote:
7. Quoted in “A frank conversation with a white nationalist,” Reveal, Center for Investigative Reporting, Nov. 10, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zbkko6c.

[8] For background, see “Queer Fascism: Why White Nationalists Are Trying To Drop Homophobia,” Anti-Fascist News, Nov. 6, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/jejle6z, and Lukas Mikelionis, “Alt-Right Meltdown After Tweets About the ‘Jewish Question,’” HeatStreet, Dec. 27, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/grhl4j7.

Footnote:
8. For background, see “Queer Fascism: Why White Nationalists Are Trying To Drop Homophobia,” Anti-Fascist News, Nov. 6, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/jejle6z, and Lukas Mikelionis, “Alt-Right Meltdown After Tweets About the ‘Jewish Question,’” HeatStreet, Dec. 27, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/grhl4j7.

[9] Quoted in Garrett Haake, “White Nationalist group to hold conference on Trump in DC Saturday,” WUSA.com, March 2, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zsmdl45; “Donald Trump's New York Times Interview: Full Transcript,” The New York Times, Nov. 23, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/juymes5.

Footnote:
9. Quoted in Garrett Haake, “White Nationalist group to hold conference on Trump in DC Saturday,” WUSA.com, March 2, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zsmdl45; “Donald Trump's New York Times Interview: Full Transcript,” The New York Times, Nov. 23, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/juymes5.

[10] Nicholas Confessore, “For Whites Sensing Decline, Donald Trump Unleashes Words of Resistance,” The New York Times, July 13, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/jh5nx69.

Footnote:
10. Nicholas Confessore, “For Whites Sensing Decline, Donald Trump Unleashes Words of Resistance,” The New York Times, July 13, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/jh5nx69.

[11] Abby Ohlheiser and Caitlin Dewey, “Hillary Clinton's alt-right speech, annotated,” The Washington Post, Aug. 25, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/jksmlan.

Footnote:
11. Abby Ohlheiser and Caitlin Dewey, “Hillary Clinton's alt-right speech, annotated,” The Washington Post, Aug. 25, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/jksmlan.

[12] Sarah Posner, “How Stephen Bannon Created an Online Haven for White Nationalists,” The Investigative Fund, The Nation Institute, Aug. 22, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/z5wm6za.

Footnote:
12. Sarah Posner, “How Stephen Bannon Created an Online Haven for White Nationalists,” The Investigative Fund, The Nation Institute, Aug. 22, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/z5wm6za.

[13] Jonathan Martin, Jim Rutenberg and Maggie Haberman, “Donald Trump Appoints Media Firebrand to Run Campaign,” The New York Times, Aug. 17, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/gmav62k; Michael D. Shear, Maggie Haberman and Alan Rappeport, “Donald Trump Picks Reince Priebus as Chief of Staff and Stephen Bannon as Strategist,” The New York Times, Nov. 13, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zm3fp44.

Footnote:
13. Jonathan Martin, Jim Rutenberg and Maggie Haberman, “Donald Trump Appoints Media Firebrand to Run Campaign,” The New York Times, Aug. 17, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/gmav62k; Michael D. Shear, Maggie Haberman and Alan Rappeport, “Donald Trump Picks Reince Priebus as Chief of Staff and Stephen Bannon as Strategist,” The New York Times, Nov. 13, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zm3fp44.

[14] “Inaugural address: Trump's full speech,” CNN, Jan. 21, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/j6jjkkg.

Footnote:
14. “Inaugural address: Trump's full speech,” CNN, Jan. 21, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/j6jjkkg.

[15] Jared Taylor, “I Was There,” American Renaissance, Jan. 21, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/hned8t7.

Footnote:
15. Jared Taylor, “I Was There,” American Renaissance, Jan. 21, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/hned8t7.

[16] For background, see Josh Harkinson, “We Talked to Experts About What Terms to Use for Which Group of Racists,” Mother Jones, Dec. 8, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/h24w9lz.

Footnote:
16. For background, see Josh Harkinson, “We Talked to Experts About What Terms to Use for Which Group of Racists,” Mother Jones, Dec. 8, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/h24w9lz.

[17] “How I Saw the Light About Race (Part VIII),” American Renaissance, Feb. 27, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/h96tlp4.

Footnote:
17. “How I Saw the Light About Race (Part VIII),” American Renaissance, Feb. 27, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/h96tlp4.

[18] Quoted in Harkinson, op. cit.

Footnote:
18. Quoted in Harkinson, op. cit.

[19] Quoted in Betsy Woodruff, “Alt-Right Leaders: We Aren't Racist, We Just Hate Jews,” The Daily Beast, Sept. 9, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zfqh8vo.

Footnote:
19. Quoted in Betsy Woodruff, “Alt-Right Leaders: We Aren't Racist, We Just Hate Jews,” The Daily Beast, Sept. 9, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zfqh8vo.

[20] Quoted in ibid.

Footnote:
20. Quoted in ibid.

[21] Amanda Taub, “‘White Nationalism’ Explained,” The New York Times, Nov. 21, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zxfwxz4.

Footnote:
21. Amanda Taub, “‘White Nationalism’ Explained,” The New York Times, Nov. 21, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zxfwxz4.

[22] Woodruff, op. cit.

Footnote:
22. Woodruff, op. cit.

[23] “Richard Spencer — NPI 2016, Full Speech,” Red Ice TV, YouTube, Nov. 21, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hgybpgh.

Footnote:
23. “Richard Spencer — NPI 2016, Full Speech,” Red Ice TV, YouTube, Nov. 21, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hgybpgh.

[24] For background, see “U.S. Immigration Through 1965,” History.com, http://tinyurl.com/24hemcb; “Civil Rights Act,” History.com, http://tinyurl.com/pp7sa3w.

Footnote:
24. For background, see “U.S. Immigration Through 1965,” History.com, http://tinyurl.com/24hemcb; “Civil Rights Act,” History.com, http://tinyurl.com/pp7sa3w.

[25] Spencer, op. cit.

Footnote:
25. Spencer, op. cit.

[26] Ibid.

Footnote:
26. Ibid.

[27] Richard Fausset, Alan Blinder and John Eligon, “Donald Trump's Description of Black America Is Offending Those Living in It,” The New York Times, Aug. 24, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hx7fmb7.

Footnote:
27. Richard Fausset, Alan Blinder and John Eligon, “Donald Trump's Description of Black America Is Offending Those Living in It,” The New York Times, Aug. 24, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hx7fmb7.

[28] Tal Kopan, “Donald Trump retweets ‘White Genocide’ Twitter user,” CNN.com, Jan. 22, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/gnjvh3g.

Footnote:
28. Tal Kopan, “Donald Trump retweets ‘White Genocide’ Twitter user,” CNN.com, Jan. 22, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/gnjvh3g.

[29] “Donald Trump's New York Times Interview: Full Transcript,” op. cit.

Footnote:
29. “Donald Trump's New York Times Interview: Full Transcript,” op. cit.

[30] Quoted in Sarah Posner and David Neiwert, “How Trump Took Hate Groups Mainstream,” Mother Jones, Oct. 14, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/h9kfd6b.

Footnote:
30. Quoted in Sarah Posner and David Neiwert, “How Trump Took Hate Groups Mainstream,” Mother Jones, Oct. 14, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/h9kfd6b.

[31] For background, see Julia Edwards Ainsley, Dustin Volz and Kristina Cooke, “Exclusive: Trump to focus counter-extremism program solely on Islam — sources,” Reuters, Feb. 2, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/zo9cmv3.

Footnote:
31. For background, see Julia Edwards Ainsley, Dustin Volz and Kristina Cooke, “Exclusive: Trump to focus counter-extremism program solely on Islam — sources,” Reuters, Feb. 2, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/zo9cmv3.

[32] Marcus Cicero, “President Trump Ready To Change Definition Of ‘Extremis,’ Will Remove White Supremacists From List,” Infostormer, Feb. 2, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jl3tg7g.

Footnote:
32. Marcus Cicero, “President Trump Ready To Change Definition Of ‘Extremis,’ Will Remove White Supremacists From List,” Infostormer, Feb. 2, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jl3tg7g.

[33] “Steve Bannon: ‘Zero Tolerance’ For Anti-Semitic, Racist Elements Of The Alt-Right,” Breitbart, Nov. 19, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/h4otqxb.

Footnote:
33. “Steve Bannon: ‘Zero Tolerance’ For Anti-Semitic, Racist Elements Of The Alt-Right,” Breitbart, Nov. 19, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/h4otqxb.

[34] For background, see Evan Perez, Pamela Brown and Kevin Liptak, “Inside the confusion of the Trump executive order and travel ban,” CNN Politics, Jan. 30, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/zx4mfk8; John Walcott and Julia Edwards Ainsley, “Trump's go-to man Bannon takes hardline view on immigration,” Reuters, Jan. 31, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/zxx95lq.

Footnote:
34. For background, see Evan Perez, Pamela Brown and Kevin Liptak, “Inside the confusion of the Trump executive order and travel ban,” CNN Politics, Jan. 30, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/zx4mfk8; John Walcott and Julia Edwards Ainsley, “Trump's go-to man Bannon takes hardline view on immigration,” Reuters, Jan. 31, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/zxx95lq.

[35] For background, see David A. Fahrenthold and Frances Stead Sellers, “How Bannon flattered and coaxed Trump on policies key to the alt-right,” The Washington Post, Nov. 15, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/jbsde9h.

Footnote:
35. For background, see David A. Fahrenthold and Frances Stead Sellers, “How Bannon flattered and coaxed Trump on policies key to the alt-right,” The Washington Post, Nov. 15, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/jbsde9h.

[36] For background, see Nathan J. Russell, “An Introduction to the Overton Window of Political Possibilities,” Mackinac Center, Jan. 4, 2006, http://tinyurl.com/hzqlodo.

Footnote:
36. For background, see Nathan J. Russell, “An Introduction to the Overton Window of Political Possibilities,” Mackinac Center, Jan. 4, 2006, http://tinyurl.com/hzqlodo.

[37] Frank Morris, “White Nationalists' Enthusiasm for Trump Cools,” All Things Considered, NPR, Jan. 13, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/hgvvfna.

Footnote:
37. Frank Morris, “White Nationalists' Enthusiasm for Trump Cools,” All Things Considered, NPR, Jan. 13, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/hgvvfna.

[38] Quoted in Laurie Richards, “The alt-right reveals its agenda to influence Trump's presidency,” ThinkProgress, Nov. 20, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zctstqy.

Footnote:
38. Quoted in Laurie Richards, “The alt-right reveals its agenda to influence Trump's presidency,” ThinkProgress, Nov. 20, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zctstqy.

[39] “‘We're Not Going Away’: Alt-Right Leader On Voice In Trump Administration,” All Things Considered, NPR, Nov. 17, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/habljcy.

Footnote:
39. “‘We're Not Going Away’: Alt-Right Leader On Voice In Trump Administration,” All Things Considered, NPR, Nov. 17, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/habljcy.

[40] “A frank conversation,” op. cit.

Footnote:
40. “A frank conversation,” op. cit.

[41] Daniel A. Effron and Eric D. Knowles, “Entitativity and Intergroup Bias: How Belonging to a Cohesive Group Allows People to Express Their Prejudices,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, February 2015, pp. 234–253, http://tinyurl.com/gwfqdw9.

Footnote:
41. Daniel A. Effron and Eric D. Knowles, “Entitativity and Intergroup Bias: How Belonging to a Cohesive Group Allows People to Express Their Prejudices,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, February 2015, pp. 234–253, http://tinyurl.com/gwfqdw9.

[42] Ibid.

Footnote:
42. Ibid.

[43] Nathan Gardels, “Weekly Roundup: When Leaders Disinhibit Acting Out Hate,” WorldPost, The Huffington Post, Feb. 3, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/hrz8mc7.

Footnote:
43. Nathan Gardels, “Weekly Roundup: When Leaders Disinhibit Acting Out Hate,” WorldPost, The Huffington Post, Feb. 3, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/hrz8mc7.

[44] Quoted in ibid. For background, see Jonathan Montpetit, “Muslim leaders in Quebec City find it difficult to ignore tensions that preceded shooting,” CBC News, Jan. 31, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/h6eoq9f; Les Perreaux and Eric Andrew Gee, “Quebec City mosque attack suspect known as online troll inspired by French far right,” The Globe and Mail (Toronto), Jan. 31, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/zyslahg.

Footnote:
44. Quoted in ibid. For background, see Jonathan Montpetit, “Muslim leaders in Quebec City find it difficult to ignore tensions that preceded shooting,” CBC News, Jan. 31, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/h6eoq9f; Les Perreaux and Eric Andrew Gee, “Quebec City mosque attack suspect known as online troll inspired by French far right,” The Globe and Mail (Toronto), Jan. 31, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/zyslahg.

[45] “Museum Condemns Hateful Rhetoric At White Nationalist Conference; Calls On The Nation to Confront Hate Speech,” press release, U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, Nov. 21, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zsc3fey.

Footnote:
45. “Museum Condemns Hateful Rhetoric At White Nationalist Conference; Calls On The Nation to Confront Hate Speech,” press release, U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, Nov. 21, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zsc3fey.

[46] Benjamin Franklin, “Letter to Peter Collinson,” TeachingAmericanHistory.org, May 9, 1753, http://tinyurl.com/jzxxq6a.

Footnote:
46. Benjamin Franklin, “Letter to Peter Collinson,” TeachingAmericanHistory.org, May 9, 1753, http://tinyurl.com/jzxxq6a.

[47] Matthew Spalding, “Why Does America Welcome Immigrants?” The Heritage Foundation, June 30, 2011, http://tinyurl.com/zbxqvm3.

Footnote:
47. Matthew Spalding, “Why Does America Welcome Immigrants?” The Heritage Foundation, June 30, 2011, http://tinyurl.com/zbxqvm3.

[48] Ibid.

Footnote:
48. Ibid.

[49] Ibid.

Footnote:
49. Ibid.

[50] John C. Calhoun, speech on Mexico, Jan. 4, 1848, http://tinyurl.com/hvvupqf.

Footnote:
50. John C. Calhoun, speech on Mexico, Jan. 4, 1848, http://tinyurl.com/hvvupqf.

[51] “Ku Klux Klan,” Encyclopedia Britannica, Dec. 6, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/h4dwkfa.

Footnote:
51. “Ku Klux Klan,” Encyclopedia Britannica, Dec. 6, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/h4dwkfa.

[52] Ibid.

Footnote:
52. Ibid.

[53] Quoted in W.E.B. DuBois, Black Reconstruction in America, 1860–1880 (1998), pp. 592–593.

Footnote:
53. Quoted in W.E.B. DuBois, Black Reconstruction in America, 1860–1880 (1998), pp. 592–593.

[54] “Legal Immigration to the United States, 1820 to Present,” Migration Policy Institute, http://tinyurl.com/jd8hvym.

Footnote:
54. “Legal Immigration to the United States, 1820 to Present,” Migration Policy Institute, http://tinyurl.com/jd8hvym.

[55] “Ku Klux Klan,” op. cit.

Footnote:
55. “Ku Klux Klan,” op. cit.

[56] Kelly J. Baker, “White-Collar Supremacy,” The New York Times, Nov. 25, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zkku59y.

Footnote:
56. Kelly J. Baker, “White-Collar Supremacy,” The New York Times, Nov. 25, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zkku59y.

[57] “The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act),” Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State, http://tinyurl.com/qe2tnuw.

Footnote:
57. “The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act),” Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State, http://tinyurl.com/qe2tnuw.

[58] Jacob Siegel, “The Alt-Right's Jewish Godfather,” Tablet, Nov. 29, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hku86bb.

Footnote:
58. Jacob Siegel, “The Alt-Right's Jewish Godfather,” Tablet, Nov. 29, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hku86bb.

[59] For background, see Matthew N. Lyons, “AlternativeRight.com: Paleoconservatism for the 21st Century,” threewayfight, Sept. 10, 2010, http://tinyurl.com/goqww49; Euan Hague and Edward H. Sebesta, “Neo-Confederacy and Its Conservative Ancestry,” in Neo-Confederacy: A Critical Introduction, E. Hague, Heidi Beirich, and E.H. Sebesta, eds. (2008), p. 26; and George Hawley, Right-Wing Critics of American Conservatism (2016).

Footnote:
59. For background, see Matthew N. Lyons, “AlternativeRight.com: Paleoconservatism for the 21st Century,” threewayfight, Sept. 10, 2010, http://tinyurl.com/goqww49; Euan Hague and Edward H. Sebesta, “Neo-Confederacy and Its Conservative Ancestry,” in Neo-Confederacy: A Critical Introduction, E. Hague, Heidi Beirich, and E.H. Sebesta, eds. (2008), p. 26; and George Hawley, Right-Wing Critics of American Conservatism (2016).

[60] Siegel, op. cit.

Footnote:
60. Siegel, op. cit.

[61] Patrick J. Buchanan, “Immigration Time-out,” Oct. 31, 1994, http://tinyurl.com/hrut4w4; “US President-R Primaries,” 1992, Our Campaigns, http://tinyurl.com/z34em5d; and “US President-R Primaries,” Our Campaigns, 1996, http://tinyurl.com/hbzl9fk.

Footnote:
61. Patrick J. Buchanan, “Immigration Time-out,” Oct. 31, 1994, http://tinyurl.com/hrut4w4; “US President-R Primaries,” 1992, Our Campaigns, http://tinyurl.com/z34em5d; and “US President-R Primaries,” Our Campaigns, 1996, http://tinyurl.com/hbzl9fk.

[62] Lyons, “AlternativeRight.com: Paleoconservatism for the 21st Century,” op. cit.

Footnote:
62. Lyons, “AlternativeRight.com: Paleoconservatism for the 21st Century,” op. cit.

[63] Paul Gottfried, “The Decline and Rise of the Alternative Right,” Taki's Magazine, Dec. 1, 2008, http://tinyurl.com/j2t4mt6.

Footnote:
63. Paul Gottfried, “The Decline and Rise of the Alternative Right,” Taki's Magazine, Dec. 1, 2008, http://tinyurl.com/j2t4mt6.

[64] Lyons, “AlternativeRight.com: Paleoconservatism for the 21st Century,” op. cit.; Richard Spencer, “Am I Not Being Outrageous Enough?” National Policy Institute, Nov. 20, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/jcmots9.

Footnote:
64. Lyons, “AlternativeRight.com: Paleoconservatism for the 21st Century,” op. cit.; Richard Spencer, “Am I Not Being Outrageous Enough?” National Policy Institute, Nov. 20, 2014, http://tinyurl.com/jcmots9.

[65] Siegel, op. cit.

Footnote:
65. Siegel, op. cit.

[66] Quoted in Siegel, op. cit.

Footnote:
66. Quoted in Siegel, op. cit.

[67] For background, see Margaret Quigley, “Some Notes on the European ‘New Right,’” Political Research Associates, Aug. 29, 2016/Jan. 1, 1991, http://tinyurl.com/h46arxf; Zack Beauchamp, “An expert on the European far right explains the influence of anti-immigrant politics,” Vox, May 31, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hbwapt7.

Footnote:
67. For background, see Margaret Quigley, “Some Notes on the European ‘New Right,’” Political Research Associates, Aug. 29, 2016/Jan. 1, 1991, http://tinyurl.com/h46arxf; Zack Beauchamp, “An expert on the European far right explains the influence of anti-immigrant politics,” Vox, May 31, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hbwapt7.

[68] Matthew N. Lyons, “Crl-Alt-Delete,” Political Research Associates, January 2017, p. 4, http://tinyurl.com/goay3st.

Footnote:
68. Matthew N. Lyons, “Crl-Alt-Delete,” Political Research Associates, January 2017, p. 4, http://tinyurl.com/goay3st.

[69] Ibid.

Footnote:
69. Ibid.

[70] “The Groups,” Southern Poverty Law Center Intelligence Report, Jan, 29, 2010, http://tinyurl.com/hwtd5pm; “About,” Radix Journal, http://tinyurl.com/z5u42os.

Footnote:
70. “The Groups,” Southern Poverty Law Center Intelligence Report, Jan, 29, 2010, http://tinyurl.com/hwtd5pm; “About,” Radix Journal, http://tinyurl.com/z5u42os.

[71] “ADL: White Supremacists Making Unprecedented Effort on U.S. College Campuses to Spread Their Message, Recruit,” Anti-Defamation League, March 6, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jljmr5u.

Footnote:
71. “ADL: White Supremacists Making Unprecedented Effort on U.S. College Campuses to Spread Their Message, Recruit,” Anti-Defamation League, March 6, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jljmr5u.

[72] Julia Carrie Wong, “UC Berkeley cancels ‘alt-right’ speaker Milo Yiannopoulos as thousands protest,” The Guardian, Feb. 2, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/h2rluvn.

Footnote:
72. Julia Carrie Wong, “UC Berkeley cancels ‘alt-right’ speaker Milo Yiannopoulos as thousands protest,” The Guardian, Feb. 2, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/h2rluvn.

[73] Liam Stack, “Attack on Alt-Right Leader Has Internet Asking: Is It O.K. to Punch a Nazi?” The New York Times, Jan. 21, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/h2avjmz.

Footnote:
73. Liam Stack, “Attack on Alt-Right Leader Has Internet Asking: Is It O.K. to Punch a Nazi?” The New York Times, Jan. 21, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/h2avjmz.

[74] Joseph Weber, “CPAC leader blasts ‘alt-right,’ as conservatives define agenda under Trump,” Fox News, Feb. 23, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/zcehd49; Tea Party Nation, op. cit.

Footnote:
74. Joseph Weber, “CPAC leader blasts ‘alt-right,’ as conservatives define agenda under Trump,” Fox News, Feb. 23, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/zcehd49; Tea Party Nation, op. cit.

[75] Brian Naylor, “Rep. Steve King Stands By Controversial Tweet About ‘Somebody Else's Babies,’” NPR, March 13, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/h4frc3y; Matthew Haag, “Steve King Says Civilization Can't Be Restored With ‘Somebody Else's Babies,’” The New York Times, March 12, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/hg8o6nh.

Footnote:
75. Brian Naylor, “Rep. Steve King Stands By Controversial Tweet About ‘Somebody Else's Babies,’” NPR, March 13, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/h4frc3y; Matthew Haag, “Steve King Says Civilization Can't Be Restored With ‘Somebody Else's Babies,’” The New York Times, March 12, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/hg8o6nh.

[76] Peter Beinart, “Trump Scapegoats Unauthorized Immigrants for Crime,” The Atlantic, March 1, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/z84kglx.

Footnote:
76. Peter Beinart, “Trump Scapegoats Unauthorized Immigrants for Crime,” The Atlantic, March 1, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/z84kglx.

[77] Jaweed Kaleem, “Trump speaks out against attacks on Jews and shooting of Indian immigrants,” Los Angeles Times, Feb. 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/hys2cd6.

Footnote:
77. Jaweed Kaleem, “Trump speaks out against attacks on Jews and shooting of Indian immigrants,” Los Angeles Times, Feb. 28, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/hys2cd6.

[78] Ishaan Tharoor, “An Act of American Terror in Trump's Heartland,” The Washington Post, Feb. 27, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jb3takr.

Footnote:
78. Ishaan Tharoor, “An Act of American Terror in Trump's Heartland,” The Washington Post, Feb. 27, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jb3takr.

[79] John Gramlich, “Most Americans haven't heard of the ‘alt-right,’” Pew Research Center, Dec. 12, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hfaqwte.

Footnote:
79. John Gramlich, “Most Americans haven't heard of the ‘alt-right,’” Pew Research Center, Dec. 12, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hfaqwte.

[80] Karl North, “NPI 2016,” Identity Evropa, Nov. 29, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zt8u54h.

Footnote:
80. Karl North, “NPI 2016,” Identity Evropa, Nov. 29, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zt8u54h.

[81] Richard Spencer, “The Rainbow Coalition,” America blog, National Policy Institute, Nov. 4, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/ht6r9j4.

Footnote:
81. Richard Spencer, “The Rainbow Coalition,” America blog, National Policy Institute, Nov. 4, 2015, http://tinyurl.com/ht6r9j4.

[82] “Identity Evropa: Mapping the Alt-Right Cadre,” Northern California Anti-Racist Action, ICD, Dec. 9, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zhvpvto; Hailey Branson-Potts, “In diverse California, a young white supremacist seeks to convert fellow college students,” Los Angeles Times, Dec. 7, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/z3q9348.

Footnote:
82. “Identity Evropa: Mapping the Alt-Right Cadre,” Northern California Anti-Racist Action, ICD, Dec. 9, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zhvpvto; Hailey Branson-Potts, “In diverse California, a young white supremacist seeks to convert fellow college students,” Los Angeles Times, Dec. 7, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/z3q9348.

[83] Susan Page and Karina Shedrofsky, “Poll: How Millennials view BLM and the alt-right,” USA Today, Oct. 31, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/j8szksm.

Footnote:
83. Susan Page and Karina Shedrofsky, “Poll: How Millennials view BLM and the alt-right,” USA Today, Oct. 31, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/j8szksm.

[84] Max Ehrenfreund, “What the alt-right really wants, according to a professor writing a book about them,” The Washington Post, Nov. 21, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hjt4fqy.

Footnote:
84. Max Ehrenfreund, “What the alt-right really wants, according to a professor writing a book about them,” The Washington Post, Nov. 21, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/hjt4fqy.

[85] For background, see Abby Ohlheiser, “What was fake on the Internet this election: #draft ourdaughters, Trump's tax returns,” The Washington Post, Oct. 31, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/he4wtfx.

Footnote:
85. For background, see Abby Ohlheiser, “What was fake on the Internet this election: #draft ourdaughters, Trump's tax returns,” The Washington Post, Oct. 31, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/he4wtfx.

[86] Nafeez Ahmed, “European support for far right extremism reaches 1930s scale,” Medium, June 19, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/h9hu84q. Also see Brian Beary, “European Unrest,” CQ Researcher, Jan. 9, 2015, pp. 25–48.

Footnote:
86. Nafeez Ahmed, “European support for far right extremism reaches 1930s scale,” Medium, June 19, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/h9hu84q. Also see Brian Beary, “European Unrest,” CQ Researcher, Jan. 9, 2015, pp. 25–48.

[87] Nicole Stinson, “Marine Le Pen defends Putin and attacks Europe for ‘carrying out Cold War AGAINST Russia,’” [U.K.] Express, March 6, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/znzlvxw.

Footnote:
87. Nicole Stinson, “Marine Le Pen defends Putin and attacks Europe for ‘carrying out Cold War AGAINST Russia,’” [U.K.] Express, March 6, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/znzlvxw.

[88] Michelle Martin, “Germany's divided anti-immigrant party faces rocky election road,” Reuters, March 2, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/gpjmyo4.

Footnote:
88. Michelle Martin, “Germany's divided anti-immigrant party faces rocky election road,” Reuters, March 2, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/gpjmyo4.

[89] For background, see Suzanne Sataline, “U.S.-Russia Relations,” CQ Researcher, Jan. 13, 2017, pp. 25–48.

Footnote:
89. For background, see Suzanne Sataline, “U.S.-Russia Relations,” CQ Researcher, Jan. 13, 2017, pp. 25–48.

[90] Casey Michel, “Beyond Trump and Putin: The American Alt-Right's Love of the Kremlin's Policies,” The Diplomat, Oct. 13, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zeck4xb.

Footnote:
90. Casey Michel, “Beyond Trump and Putin: The American Alt-Right's Love of the Kremlin's Policies,” The Diplomat, Oct. 13, 2016, http://tinyurl.com/zeck4xb.

[91] For background, see Shikha Dalmia, “Conservatives Made Their Bed With Milo, Now They Have to Lie In It,” Reason, Feb. 26, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jtmho62.

Footnote:
91. For background, see Shikha Dalmia, “Conservatives Made Their Bed With Milo, Now They Have to Lie In It,” Reason, Feb. 26, 2017, http://tinyurl.com/jtmho62.

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Document APA Citation — See Alternate Citation Style
Clemmitt, M. (2017, March 17). ‘Alt-Right’ Movement. CQ researcher, 27, 241-264. Retrieved from http://library.cqpress.com/
Document ID: cqresrre2017031708
Document URL: http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2017031708
ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
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Mar. 17, 2017  ‘Alt-Right’ Movement
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Sep. 18, 2015  Far-Right Extremism
Nov. 22, 2013  Racial Profiling
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Jun. 01, 2007  Shock Jocks Updated
Jan. 07, 1994  Racial Tensions in Schools
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Mar. 31, 1965  Extremist Movements in Race and Politics
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Dec. 03, 1958  Spread of Terrorism and Hatemongering
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Jan. 09, 1945  Race Equality
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