Title IX, a landmark 1972 law that requires gender equity in schools' sports programs, opened vast, new prospects for female athletes. More than 3 million girls now play on high-school teams, and some 9,100 women's college teams compete at the varsity level. Yet Title IX remains highly controversial. Some critics charge that it has forced schools to reduce opportunities for male athletes to make way for women. Others say women's sports have become so prominent that the law is no longer needed. But proponents of Title IX argue that sports opportunities for females still lag behind those for males. What's more, they say, the growth of women's amateur sports hasn't translated into many viable professional women's leagues or high-level jobs for female sports executives. Meanwhile, media interest in traditionally male sports such as football and baseball remains far higher than in women's sports.