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Battling HIV/AIDS

October 26, 2007 • Volume 17, Issue 38
Should more money be spent on prevention?
By Nellie Bristol

Introduction

Kenyan AIDS sufferer Elisabeth Mweru, 28, is recovering from severe tuberculosis. TB kills more than 2 million people a year, largely in developing countries. One-third of the 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS are infected with TB.  (Getty Images/Brent Stirton)
Kenyan AIDS sufferer Elisabeth Mweru, 28, is recovering from severe tuberculosis. TB kills more than 2 million people a year, largely in developing countries. One-third of the 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS are infected with TB. (Getty Images/Brent Stirton)

Two-thirds of the world's 40 million HIV/AIDS cases are in impoverished sub-Saharan Africa, which also has 12 million children orphaned by the disease. In the United States, the toll is heaviest on African-American women. Rich countries and private donors are now spending billions to fight AIDS in developing countries. But only 2 million people in those countries receive life-prolonging antiretroviral medications, while millions more are newly infected. With an HIV vaccine years away, public health experts say a renewed focus on prevention is the best way to stem the epidemic. Prevention turns on two stubborn issues: behavior change and shifts in generations-old patterns of poverty and gender inequality. Meanwhile, President Bush wants to reauthorize the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) at $30 billion — double current funding levels. While the program has pumped billions into overseas AIDS programs, AIDS groups want PEPFAR broadened to cover additional health and development issues.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
AIDS/HIV and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sep. 18, 2012  Conquering AIDS
Oct. 2009  Rescuing Children
Oct. 26, 2007  Battling HIV/AIDS
Dec. 03, 2004  Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Oct. 13, 2000  Global AIDS Crisis
Dec. 04, 1998  AIDS Update
Apr. 21, 1995  Combating AIDS
Dec. 25, 1992  Women and AIDS
Oct. 06, 1989  Good News and Bad About Aids
Dec. 16, 1988  AIDS Update
Nov. 06, 1987  AIDS Dilemmas
Aug. 09, 1985  AIDS: Spreading Mystery Disease
Jan. 19, 1979  Venereal Disease: Continuing Problem
Jun. 10, 1960  Venereal Disease Control
Jan. 09, 1943  Venereal Disease in the Armed Forces
Oct. 25, 1938  Control of Venereal Diseases
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
HIV and AIDS
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