Endangered Species Act

October 1, 1999 • Volume 9, Issue 37
Does it put an unfair burden on landowners?
By Mary H. Cooper

Introduction

President Clinton announces plans to remove the American bald eagle from the endangered species list at a South Lawn ceremony on July 2, 1999. Eagles have been on the list since 1967. (Photo Credit: Larry Downing, Reuters)
President Clinton announces plans to remove the American bald eagle from the endangered species list at a South Lawn ceremony on July 2, 1999. Eagles have been on the list since 1967. (Photo Credit: Larry Downing, Reuters)

Passage of the 1973 Endangered Species Act stands as one of the fundamental legislative victories of the environmental protection movement. It is also widely considered to be the most controversial. The act was intended to halt - and even reverse - the startling decline in animal and plant species caused by pesticides, water pollution, habitat destruction and other consequences of human activities. It requires landowners to refrain from developing land that is defined as critical to the survival of species listed as endangered. Critics say the law violates property rights by authorizing the government to “take” privately owned land, inhibits economic development and wastes taxpayer dollars. Both critics and supporters of the law say the environmental record of the past quarter-century proves their point.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Wildlife and Endangered Species
Dec. 15, 2017  Species Extinction
Feb. 17, 2012  Invasive Species
Oct. 2010  Wildlife Smuggling
Jun. 03, 2005  Endangered Species Act Updated
Sep. 15, 2000  Mass Extinction
Oct. 01, 1999  Endangered Species Act
Apr. 19, 1996  Protecting Endangered Species
Aug. 28, 1992  Marine Mammals Vs. Fish
Jun. 21, 1991  Endangered Species
May 24, 1991  Animal Rights
Feb. 12, 1988  America's Biological Diversity
Aug. 02, 1985  Wildlife Management
Sep. 16, 1977  Protecting Endangered Wildlife
May 10, 1967  Wildlife Preservation
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Land Resources and Property Rights
Wildlife and Endangered Species