Middle East Diplomacy

May 16, 1975

Report Outline
Involved Process of Negotiations
Intangibles in Arab-Israeli Conflict
Foundations for Overcoming Enmity
Special Focus

Involved Process of Negotiations

Cyrrent Situation for Ford's Talks With Sadat

Middle east diplomacy, apparently stalled since Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger returned home in March from his latest round of shuttle negotiations, takes a new turn next month when President Ford meets Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, in Salzburg, Austria, and then receives Israeli Premier Yitzhak Rabin in Washington. Although Ford insists that these talks do not “represent the beginnings of a new American-led negotiation in the Middle East,” they are being regarded with intense interest by all parties to the Arab-Israeli conflict, including Russia. Indeed, since the 1973 war in the Middle East, the United States in the person of Secretary Kissinger has been the initiating force in negotiations to bring about a peace settlement.

The latest round of talks, from which Kissinger returned empty handed, focused attention on Gidi and Mitla, mountain passes in the Sinai desert, and on distinctions between “non-use of force” and “non-belligerency.” Such issues raise the question whether the prevention of another war in the Middle East—conceivably a nuclear war—really hinges on geographic obscurities and verbal hairsplitting.

The reduction of the Arab-Israeli conflict to haggling over details was, in fact, central to Kissinger's “step-by-step” strategy. He hoped that diminishing the issues under discussion would increase the chances of agreement. Kissinger's shuttle diplomacy had already secured two limited agreements, military disengagements between Egypt and Israel and between Syria and Israel.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Israel, Palestine, and Middle East Peace
Jun. 21, 2013  Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
May 2009  Middle East Peace Prospects
Oct. 27, 2006  Middle East Tensions Updated
Jan. 21, 2005  Middle East Peace
Aug. 30, 2002  Prospects for Mideast Peace
Apr. 06, 2001  Middle East Conflict
Mar. 06, 1998  Israel At 50
Aug. 30, 1991  The Palestinians
Oct. 19, 1990  The Elusive Search for Arab Unity
Feb. 24, 1989  Egypt's Strategic Mideast Role
Apr. 15, 1988  Israel's 40-Year Quandary
Mar. 02, 1984  American Involvement in Lebanon
Nov. 12, 1982  Reagan's Mideast Peace Initiative
Apr. 23, 1982  Egypt After Sadat
Jan. 04, 1980  Divided Lebanon
Jul. 20, 1979  West Bank Negotiations
Dec. 01, 1978  Middle East Transition
Jan. 13, 1978  Saudi Arabia's Backstage Diplomacy
Oct. 29, 1976  Arab Disunity
May 16, 1975  Middle East Diplomacy
Sep. 13, 1974  Palestinian Question
Dec. 12, 1973  Middle East Reappraisal
Apr. 25, 1973  Israeli Society After 25 Years
Aug. 19, 1970  American Policy in the Middle East
Apr. 25, 1969  Arab Guerrillas
Aug. 02, 1967  Israeli Prospects
Jul. 06, 1966  Middle East Enmities
Apr. 14, 1965  Relations with Nasser
Aug. 17, 1960  Arab-Israeli Deadlock
May 27, 1959  Middle East Instability
Jun. 04, 1958  Nasser and Arab Unity
Oct. 02, 1957  Soviet Threat in Middle East
Sep. 18, 1956  Suez Dispute and Strategic Waterways
May 09, 1956  Middle East Commitments
Apr. 13, 1955  Middle East Conflicts
Mar. 31, 1954  Security in the Mideast
Oct. 23, 1952  Israel and the Arab States
Jan. 30, 1952  Egyptian Crisis and Middle East Defense
Mar. 17, 1948  Palestine Crisis
Feb. 18, 1946  Soviet Russia and the Middle East
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Diplomacy and Diplomats
Regional Political Affairs: Middle East and South Asia