Education for Jobs

November 3, 1971

Report Outline
Education and Changing Job Market
Academic Vs. Occupational Instruction
New Directions for Career Education
Special Focus

Education and Changing Job Market

Unemployment Amid Scarcity of Skilled Workers

Vocational education—training for the world of V work that does not require a bachelor's degree—has long been considered the stepchild of American education. The stepchild has emerged during the past few years to become a subject of increasing public concern. Sidney P. Marland Jr., U.S. Commissioner of Education, had good reason to call vocational training the No. 1 priority in education. A recent study by the Department of Labor indicates that by 1980 about 80 per cent of all jobs will require less than a bachelor's degree but very few will be available to the unskilled. It is estimated that over 40 million of the 46 million students now in school will not graduate from college. Without some kind of vocational training, many of these young people will be unable to find work.

Even a college degree offered no assurance of a job in the year 1971 and, according to numerous forecasts, job prospects would remain dim in several professions for years to come. Professional journals and the popular press told of overcrowding in many fields and of large numbers of new graduates being left unemployed. Even holders of advance degrees were not immune from these conditions. The Ph.D. was no longer a meal ticket, especially in teaching and engineering, two of the professions hardest hit by changes in the job market. These changes were being wrought by such diverse factors as uncertainty in the national economy, a slippage in the rate of population growth, and a large outpouring of graduates in the past decade.

“At a time when there is a glut of Ph.D.'s, and perhaps 65,000 engineers are out of work,” Business Week observed, “many jobs cannot find people.” “This year …only about 38 per cent of the jobs for sub-professional health workers will be filled by trained people. By 1980 the nation is expected to be short 400,000 such workers, trained or not. In the next four years, some 1.5 million more secretaries will be needed, the number of people employed in certain computer fields should double, and such comparatively new areas as pollution control will increase the need for technicians.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Education Issues
Mar. 10, 2017  Charter Schools
Feb. 03, 2017  Civic Education
Sep. 05, 2014  Race and Education
Jun. 13, 2014  Dropout Rate
May 09, 2014  School Discipline
Mar. 07, 2014  Home Schooling
Dec. 02, 2011  Digital Education
Nov. 15, 2011  Expanding Higher Education
Dec. 10, 2010  Preventing Bullying Updated
Apr. 16, 2010  Revising No Child Left Behind
Mar. 26, 2010  Teen Pregnancy
Sep. 04, 2009  Financial Literacy
Jun. 05, 2009  Student Rights
Feb. 22, 2008  Reading Crisis?
Jul. 13, 2007  Students Under Stress
Apr. 27, 2007  Fixing Urban Schools Updated
Nov. 10, 2006  Video Games Updated
Mar. 03, 2006  AP and IB Programs
Oct. 07, 2005  Academic Freedom
Aug. 26, 2005  Evaluating Head Start
May 27, 2005  No Child Left Behind
Jan. 17, 2003  Home Schooling Debate
Sep. 06, 2002  Teaching Math and Science
Jun. 07, 2002  Grade Inflation
Dec. 07, 2001  Distance Learning
Apr. 20, 2001  Testing in Schools
May 14, 1999  National Education Standards
Apr. 10, 1998  Liberal Arts Education
Jul. 26, 1996  Attack on Public Schools
May 17, 1996  Year-Round Schools
Oct. 20, 1995  Networking the Classroom
Sep. 22, 1995  High School Sports
Jan. 20, 1995  Parents and Schools
Sep. 09, 1994  Home Schooling
Mar. 25, 1994  Private Management of Public Schools
Mar. 11, 1994  Education Standards
Apr. 09, 1993  Head Start
Nov. 30, 1990  Conflict Over Multicultural Education
Feb. 05, 1988  Preschool: Too Much Too Soon?
Oct. 23, 1987  Education Reform
Aug. 24, 1984  Status of the Schools
Sep. 10, 1982  Schoolbook Controversies
Sep. 03, 1982  Post-Sputnik Education
Aug. 18, 1978  Competency Tests
Jan. 26, 1972  Public School Financing
Nov. 03, 1971  Education for Jobs
Apr. 15, 1970  Reform of Public Schools
Aug. 27, 1969  Discipline in Public Schools
Dec. 27, 1968  Community Control of Public Schools
Jun. 14, 1965  Summer School Innovations
Oct. 28, 1964  Education of Slum Children
Jun. 05, 1963  Year-Round School
Mar. 28, 1962  Mentally Retarded Children
Dec. 17, 1958  Educational Testing
Sep. 25, 1957  Liberal Education
Jul. 11, 1956  Educational Exchange
Feb. 02, 1955  Federal Aid for School Construction
Mar. 07, 1951  Education in an Extended Emergency
Nov. 20, 1945  Postwar Public Education
Nov. 07, 1941  Standards of Education
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
General Employment and Labor
Undergraduate and Graduate Education