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Property Tax Reform

February 10, 1971

Report Outline
Mounting Complaints About Property Tax
Origins and Growth of Property Taxation
Proposals to Minimize Inequities of Tax
Special Focus

Mounting Complaints About Property Tax

All taxes are unpopular, but the property tax may be the least popular of any. Walter W. Heller, chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers from 1961 to 1964, has called it the “sick giant of our tax system.” Homeowners, business executives, and even government officials agree that it is often unfair and burdensome, and badly in need of overhaul. Yet the property tax is, and is likely to remain, the principal source of local revenue for such essential services as public education. In many communities the levies have become unbearably high but cannot keep abreast of the rising costs of vital services. The communities can expect little help from the states, which themselves are pleading virtual bankruptcy and in turn are asking the federal government to share its revenue.

There are indications that property tax reform will emerge as a national political issue in 1971. Ralph Nader, the consumer advocate, has been working for months to encourage private groups of citizens and taxpayers to band together and demand reform of the property assessment system, which he has described as “nothing short of scandalous.” Sen. Edmund S. Muskie (D Maine), as chairman of the Senate Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee, plans to hold hearings in various parts of the country during the year to determine if Congress should approve legislation governing local property taxes. Because Muskie is considered the leading contender for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1972, the hearings are bound to attract attention.

The inequities of the property tax are legion. Assessment levels and tax rates vary widely not only from state to state but also within a single state. Business or industrial property and idle land often are underassessed and undertaxed in comparison with residential property. Some property is not taxed at all—principally that owned by churches, government, educational institutions and non-profit organizations. In addition, the tax falls more heavily on poor people, whether they own their dwellings or rent them, than on those with higher incomes.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Taxation
Jun. 28, 2013  Internet Shopping
Jan. 16, 1998  IRS Reform
Mar. 22, 1996  Tax Reform
Apr. 06, 1990  How Fair Is the Nation's Tax Burden?
Aug. 28, 1987  Taxing Business Services
Oct. 17, 1986  Tax Reform In The States
Sep. 28, 1984  Tax Debate: 1984 Election and Beyond
Mar. 19, 1982  Tax-Exemption Controversy
May 19, 1978  Property Tax Relief
Apr. 07, 1978  Tax Shelters and Reform
Feb. 10, 1971  Property Tax Reform
Mar. 26, 1969  Tax Reform Pressures
Mar. 24, 1965  Excise Tax Cuts and the Economy
Feb. 15, 1961  Flexible Taxation
Apr. 02, 1959  State Tax Problems
Apr. 23, 1958  Tax Reduction, 1958
Aug. 14, 1957  Fast Tax Write-Offs
Apr. 10, 1957  Federal Payments in Lieu of Taxes
Sep. 12, 1956  Corporation Profits and Taxes in Prosperity
Mar. 16, 1954  Shares in Tax Relief
Nov. 21, 1953  Revision of Excise Taxes
Mar. 19, 1953  Federal-State Tax Relations
Oct. 01, 1952  European Taxes and Tax Evasion
Nov. 03, 1950  Excess Profits Tax
Feb. 01, 1950  Tax Loopholes
Jun. 04, 1949  Excise Taxes
Oct. 27, 1948  Postwar Sales Taxes
Aug. 29, 1947  Taxation of Family Income
Apr. 09, 1947  Income Tax Relief
Jan. 11, 1946  Taxation of Cooperatives
Oct. 16, 1945  Federal Taxes on Business
May 08, 1944  Postwar Taxes
Sep. 20, 1943  Sales Taxes
Dec. 05, 1941  New Taxes for Defense
Apr. 05, 1941  Taxation for National Defense
Feb. 28, 1941  Taxation of Alcoholic Beverages
Jan. 11, 1941  Exemptions from Taxation
Dec. 04, 1940  Federal Taxes and Defense Financing
Feb. 01, 1940  Sharing of Tax Revenues
Feb. 02, 1939  Turnover Taxes in the States
Nov. 05, 1937  Broadening of the Income-Tax Base
Jun. 17, 1937  Exemptions from Income Taxation
Apr. 05, 1937  Coordination of Federal and State Tax Systems
Dec. 19, 1936  Revision of Federal Tax on Capital Gains
Nov. 02, 1936  State Taxation of Natural Resources
May 26, 1936  Assessment of Property for Taxation
Apr. 17, 1936  Federal Taxes on Consumption
Mar. 19, 1936  Taxation of Undistributed Corporate Profits
Dec. 17, 1935  Reduction of Tax Burdens on Real Estate
Oct. 21, 1935  Tax Delinquency in the United States
May 21, 1935  Comparative Tax Burdens in America and Britain
Feb. 01, 1935  Federal Taxation of Corporations
Nov. 27, 1934  Elimination of Conflicts in Taxation
Jul. 25, 1933  Taxation of Excess Profits
Jan. 25, 1933  Tax Burdens and Tax-Free Securities
Nov. 23, 1932  The Beer Tax and the Sales Tax
Dec. 19, 1931  Sales Taxes: Federal, State, and Foreign
Sep. 18, 1931  Death Taxes and the Concentration of Wealth
Mar. 18, 1931  Federal Taxation of Large Incomes
Jan. 10, 1931  Taxation of Capital Gains
Nov. 09, 1929  Federal Tax Reduction-1930
Aug. 08, 1927  Federal Tax Reduction—1928
Sep. 27, 1926  Tax Reduction and the Public Debt
Jan. 16, 1926  Taxation of Estates and Inheritances
Nov. 07, 1925  Federal Taxation of Small Incomes
Nov. 28, 1924  Social, Fiscal and Legal Aspects of the Inheritance Tax
Apr. 07, 1924  Causes and Effects of the Tax Return Blockade
Dec. 12, 1923  Tax Exempt Securities
Dec. 10, 1923  Taxation
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Property Tax
Real Estate
State, Local, and Intergovernmental Relations
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