Negro Voting

October 14, 1964

Report Outline
Race Issue in the 1964 Campaign
Negro Voter Registration in 1964
Post-Civil War Threat to White Rule in Dixie
Role of the Negro in Presidential Elections

Race Issue in the 1964 Campaign

Key Role of Negro Voters in the Election

A greatly enlarged negro electorate is in a position to play a critical role in the 1964 presidential election. Negroes will go to the polls in the greatest numbers ever, and almost every sampling indicates they will favor President Johnson at least nine to one over his Republican opponent, Sen. Barry M. Gold-water of Arizona. The G.O.P. nominee is no longer making any serious effort to enlist support from the nation's 6,000,-000 registered colored voters. Rather, he is basing his campaign on an expectation that white resistance to Negro demands for more rapid progress toward “first class citizenship” will more than offset the Negro vote.

Sen. Goldwater's strategy calls for putting together a winning combination of electoral votes from the southern states and the traditionally Republican states of the Middle West and Far West, while writing off most of the Atlantic Seaboard. This calculated gamble could do lasting damage to “the party of Lincoln.” But some Democratic party leaders concede that the Goldwater plan may bear fruit if racial tensions are further exacerbated before election day.

Reasons for Anti-Goldwater Stand of Negroes

Present Negro attachment to the Democratic party stems both from its economic policies and the pro-civil rights position taken by the party's national leadership. Gold-water's political philosophy is seen by most Negroes as offering them little in either of these areas. The senator's vote against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, combined with his outspoken opposition to the Johnson administration's “war on poverty,” have marked his candidacy in Negro eyes as a major threat to their growing aspirations.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement
Nov. 15, 1985  Black America Long March for Equality
Aug. 12, 1983  Black Political Power
Jan. 18, 1980  Black Leadership Question
Aug. 15, 1973  Black Americans, 1963–1973
Nov. 26, 1969  Racial Discrimination in Craft Unions
Sep. 11, 1968  Black Pride
Feb. 21, 1968  Negro Power Struggle
Mar. 08, 1967  Negroes in the Economy
Jan. 19, 1966  Changing Southern Politics
Oct. 27, 1965  Negroes in the North
Jul. 21, 1965  Negro Revolution: Next Steps
Oct. 14, 1964  Negro Voting
Sep. 21, 1964  Negroes and the Police
Jul. 03, 1963  Right of Access to Public Accommodations
Jan. 23, 1963  Negro Jobs and Education
Mar. 25, 1960  Violence and Non-Violence in Race Relations
Aug. 05, 1959  Negro Employment
Apr. 18, 1956  Racial Issues in National Politics
Apr. 18, 1951  Progress in Race Relations
Dec. 17, 1948  Discrimination in Employment
Jan. 10, 1947  Federal Protection of Civil Liberties
Aug. 25, 1944  The Negro Vote
Jul. 01, 1942  Racial Discrimination and the War Effort
Mar. 25, 1939  Civil and Social Rights of the Negro
Jul. 22, 1927  Disenfranchisement of the Negro in the South
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Campaigns and Elections
Campaigns and Elections
Civil Rights: African Americans
Voting and Suffrage