Trade with the Communists

October 3, 1963

Report Outline
Growing Interest in East-West Trade
Policy of Curbing Exports to Red Bloc
Changes in Trade Relations Since War

Growing Interest in East-West Trade

Big Sales of Western Wheat to Communists

Consent of the administration to sale of possibly $250 million worth of surplus wheat to the Soviet Union, expected shortly though not yet officially announced, may well foreshadow early review of the whole system of controls now governing American trade with Communist countries. The possibility of modifying the restrictions, which have held commercial interchanges with the Soviet Union and its satellites to minimal amounts, has received growing attention since signature of the limited test-ban treaty began to ease cold war tensions. Modification became a matter of immediate interest in mid-September when Canada announced that it had agreed to sell $500 million worth of wheat to the Russians.

The Canadian-Russian transaction, largest ever negotiated for shipments of wheat within the space of one year, came on the heels of a big Canadian wheat sale to Communist China in August. Moreover, British trade delegations traveled to Moscow and Peking in September in search of additional business. All these negotiations with the Communists by two of this country's closest economic and political partners pointed up the profound differences of policy between them and the United States on East-West trade.

Proposals to Reappraise U.S. Export Policies

Assistant Senate Majority Leader Hubert H. Humphrey (D Minn.) asserted three days after the Canadian-Soviet deal was announced that export policies limiting trade with the Communists were “not in the best interests of the country.” Various other members of Congress, including some long believed to be opposed to commercial contacts with Communist countries, joined Humphrey in calling for a new look at American export policies.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S.-Soviet Relations
Sep. 14, 1990  The Western Alliance After the Cold War
Feb. 10, 1989  Soviet Trade: In America's Best Interest?
Nov. 01, 1985  U.S.-Soviet Summitry
Jul. 09, 1982  Controlling Scientific Information
May 25, 1973  Trends in U.S.-Soviet Relations
Apr. 05, 1972  Russia's Diplomatic Offensive
Feb. 09, 1972  Trading with Communist Nations
Mar. 10, 1971  Indian Ocean Policy
Apr. 21, 1965  Negotiations with Communists
Nov. 13, 1963  Scientific Cooperation with the Soviet Union
Oct. 03, 1963  Trade with the Communists
Sep. 11, 1963  Non-Aggression Pacts and Surprise Attack
Oct. 11, 1961  East-West Negotiations
Mar. 29, 1961  Russia and United Nations
Aug. 10, 1960  Challenged Monroe Doctrine
Sep. 02, 1959  American-Soviet Trade
Jul. 03, 1959  Cultural Exchanges with Soviet Russia
Aug. 11, 1958  Conference Diplomacy
Jul. 23, 1958  Limited War
May 14, 1958  Cold War Propaganda
Feb. 26, 1958  Military Disengagement
Feb. 20, 1957  Indirect Aggression
Jul. 25, 1956  Trading with Communists
Jan. 11, 1956  Economic Cold War
Nov. 26, 1954  Peaceful Coexistence
Dec. 01, 1953  Tests of Allied Unity
Sep. 18, 1953  Negotiating with the Reds
Jun. 17, 1953  East-West Trade
Apr. 12, 1951  Non-Military Weapons in Cold-War Offensive
Apr. 20, 1949  Mediterranean Pact and Near East Security
Apr. 28, 1948  Trade with Russia
Sep. 11, 1946  Loyalty in Government
Jul. 31, 1946  Arctic Defenses
Apr. 01, 1943  American and British Relations with Russia
Feb. 24, 1933  Soviet-American Political and Trade Relations
Nov. 03, 1931  Russian-American Relations
Feb. 14, 1924  Russian Trade with the United States
Bilateral and Regional Trade
Export Sanctions and Restrictions
U.S. at War: Cold War