FEEDBACK

Afro-Asians in United Nations

September 18, 1963

Report Outline
African Questions in the United Nations
Rising Importance of New States in U.N.
Bearing of New States on U.N. Evolution

African Questions in the United Nations

white rule in africa, a staple topic in recent sessions of United Nations bodies, will again occupy the attention of the General Assembly and the Security Council this autumn as Afro-Asian nations increase pressure on the great powers for drastic action against Portugal and South Africa. Portugal, now fighting nationalist rebels in Angola and in Portuguese Guinea, is the last of Europe's colonial powers refusing to recognize the right of the people of its territories to self-determination and independence. South Africa continues to implement its policy of apartheid, or total separation of the republic's white and colored populations. Almost continuous attack in the United Nations has had little effect to date on the policies of either country.

Assembly Resolutions on White Rule in Africa

Since the first appearance of the question of race separation in South Africa on the agenda of the U.N. General Assembly in 1952, resolutions on that question have been adopted at every session. The resolution adopted last November declared that the situation in South Africa seriously endangered international peace and security. It asked member states to break diplomatic relations with that country and subject it to an arms embargo and economic boycott. In addition, the resolution called on the Security Council to take appropriate measures, including sanctions and possible expulsion from the world organization, to obtain compliance by South Africa with U.N. policy.

In General Assembly debate, American and British spokesmen urged that the request for sanctions and expulsion be dropped. Francis T.P. Plimpton, Deputy U.S. Representative to the United Nations, pointed out that the Assembly could do no more than recommend that members apply sanctions and that the decline of the League of Nations had been precipitated by that body's inability to enforce sanctions. C. T. Crowe of the United Kingdom said that expulsion would remove South Africa from an organization in which it is exposed to the weight of world opinion. He cautioned that expulsion would set a dangerous precedent; if all countries whose policies were disapproved by a majority of other members were expelled, the United Nations would not long endure.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
United Nations
Sep. 04, 2012  Millennium Development Goals
Mar. 20, 2012  Assessing the United Nations
Apr. 2007  World Peacekeeping
Feb. 27, 2004  The United Nations and Global Security
Aug. 18, 1995  United Nations At 50
Jul. 27, 1990  A Revitalized United Nations in the 1990s
Oct. 04, 1985  United Nations at Forty
Aug. 29, 1975  United Nations at Thirty
Oct. 05, 1966  Future of the United Nations
Aug. 19, 1964  United Nations Peacekeeping
Sep. 18, 1963  Afro-Asians in United Nations
Mar. 07, 1962  United Nations Financing
Sep. 12, 1961  United Nations Reorganization
Jun. 20, 1960  United Nations: 1945–1960
Jan. 09, 1957  Policing by United Nations
Mar. 28, 1952  Treaties and Domestic Law
May 28, 1948  Revision of the United Nations
Sep. 18, 1946  Veto Power in United Nations
Jun. 12, 1945  National Sovereignty
Apr. 05, 1945  San Francisco, Yalta, and Dumbarton Oaks
BROWSE RELATED TOPICS:
Diplomacy and Diplomats
Global Issues
United Nations
FEEDBACK

Your Email Address

Subject

Provide Feedback

Suggest a topic here.

Type the characters you see below into the box

Take our survey to help us improve CQ Researcher!